Bridging the gap between ethics and decision-making in pandemics - Report of the WHO Pandemic Ethics and Policy Summit

World Health Organization WHO OCHA Services reliefweb (2022) C_WHO
The COVID-19 pandemic has raised profound ethical challenges on an unprecedented global scale. These challenges include how to allocate scarce resources (especially vaccines and therapeutics), both within and between countries, whether and when to mandate vaccines and/or masks, whether and how to conduct public health surveillance, whether to issue vaccine passports, and how to address stark international and intranational inequities. In addition, there have been ethical concerns about the conduct of COVID-19 research, such as the appropriateness of challenge studies.