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Traditionally, understanding of the psychiatric and psychological effects of trauma have been developed from studies with adults and then applied to trauma-exposed children with some modifications. While this is an important step to understanding the sequelae of trauma in children and adolescents, the adverse developmental effects of traumatic exposures on the rapidly evolving neurological, physical, social and psychological capacities of children calls for a developmentally sensitive framework for understanding, assessing and treating trauma-exposed children. ournal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health 2013: 1-14

Trauma,  children,  childhood trauma,  development,  developmental context,  Child development,  Adolescents,  caregiving,  attachment,  violence,  South Africa,  developmental trauma,