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The Paris Principles: Principles and Guidelines on Children associated with Armed Forces and Armed Groups

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2007)

The recruitment and use of children violates their rights and causes them physical, developmental, emotional, mental, and spiritual harm. The impact on their mental and physical well-being breaches the most fundamental human rights and represents a grave threat to durable peace and sustainable development, as cycles of violence are perpetuated. The Paris Commitments adopted in Paris in February 2007 are an expression of strengthened international resolve to prevent the recruitment of children and highlight the actions governments can and should take to protect children affected by conflict. The Paris Principles are the operational guidelines related to sustainable reintegration of children formerly associated with armed forces and groups.

Building Trust and Mutual Respect: Strengthening Families Through the Rethabile "Happy Together" Parenting Program

Catholic Relief Services CRS; 4Children, (2019)

The Rethabile positive parenting activity is being run by 4Children Lesotho with caregivers and teens ages 9 to 24 for the purpose of reducing harsh parenting practices (i.e., violence) and improving positive parenting practices. By promoting adult–child communication around topics such as HIV and AIDS prevention, and exploring models of family-focused violence prevention and support, the program facilitates disclosure of HIV status, promotes greater treatment seeking and adherence, and helps to reduce HIV stigma.lesoth

A FAMILIAR FACE: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2017)

This report presents the most current data on four specific forms of violence – violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. The statistics reveal that children experience violence across all stages of childhood, in diverse settings, and often at the hands of the trusted individuals with whom they interact daily. The report concludes with specific national actions and strategies that UNICEF has embraced to prevent and respond to violence against children.


The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), (2017)

Provides policymakers and other stakeholders with an overview of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its relationship to child trauma, as well as policy-relevant and child trauma-focused recommendations to assist them in their response to intimate partner violence.

fullscreen on view: An Exploratory Study on the Background and Psychosocial Consequences of Webcam Child Sex Tourism in the Philippines

Terre des Hommes Netherlands, (2013)

In recent years Terre des Hommes Netherlands observed the steady rise of a new form of child sexual exploitation. One that is enabled and fuelled by rapid technological advances, increasing global connectivity, persisting poverty rates, and growing disparity in the global distribution of resources. Terre des Hommes Netherlands received alarming signals from collaborating project partners from the Philippines that new commercial child exploitation trades are evolving and spreading parallel to rising global Internet access rates and developments in communications technology. Webcam child sex tourism is evidently growing, closely related to child prostitution, child trafficking and child abuse. What is not clear however, are the psychological and social consequences of this new phenomenon. To date, no research has been done on the psychosocial consequences of webcam sex for children. The aim of this research is therefore to gain more knowledge on the psychosocial consequences of webcam child sex tourism for children and to give insight into the antecedent factors that play a role.

Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011)

Terre des Hommes; OAK foundation, Eds.: Terre Des Hommes International Foundation, (2012)

The United Nations (UN) adopted a new international legal instrument in November 2000, the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. This contained a new definition of trafficking in persons and more particularly defined what was to be understood by child trafficking. The issue of human trafficking in general, and trafficking in children in particular, was highly relevant during the subsequent decade and anti-trafficking projects and initiatives attracted a great deal of funding. However, by the end of the decade, when funding declined, it was still not clear how much had been achieved.

The 12 Core Concepts for Understanding Traumatic Stress Responses in Children and Families Adapted for Youth Who Are Trafficked

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), (2012)

The 12 Core Concepts for Understanding Traumatic Stress Responses in Children and Families provide a rationale for trauma-informed assessment and intervention. The Concepts cover a broad range of points that practitioners and agencies should consider as they strive to assess, understand, and assist trauma-exposed children, families, and communities in trauma-informed ways.


World Health Organization (WHO), (2006)

El matrimonio infantil viola los derechos humanos independientemente de si la persona involucrada es un niño o una niña, pero sin duda se trata de la forma más generalizada de abuso sexual y explotación de las niñas. Algunas consecuencias negativas son la separación de la familia y los amigos, la falta de libertad para relacionarse con las personas de la misma edad y participar en las actividades comunitarias, y una reducción de las oportunidades de recibir una educación. El matrimonio infantil también puede acarrear trabajos forzados, esclavitud, prostitución y violencia contra las víctimas. Puesto que no pueden evitar las relaciones sexuales ni insistir en el uso del preservativo, las novias menores de edad se exponen a graves riesgos para su salud, como los embarazos prematuros, las infecciones transmitidas sexualmente y, cada vez más, al VIH/SIDA. Los progenitores a veces consienten estos matrimonios por necesidades económicas. En estos casos, el matrimonio se considera como un medio de proporcionar a sus hijas una tutela masculina, de protegerlas contra las agresiones sexuales, de evitar embarazos sin estar casadas, de alargar sus años de fecundidad o de asegurar su obediencia en el hogar del marido.

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