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Building Trust and Mutual Respect: Strengthening Families Through the Rethabile "Happy Together" Parenting Program

Catholic Relief Services CRS; 4Children, (2019)

The Rethabile positive parenting activity is being run by 4Children Lesotho with caregivers and teens ages 9 to 24 for the purpose of reducing harsh parenting practices (i.e., violence) and improving positive parenting practices. By promoting adult–child communication around topics such as HIV and AIDS prevention, and exploring models of family-focused violence prevention and support, the program facilitates disclosure of HIV status, promotes greater treatment seeking and adherence, and helps to reduce HIV stigma.lesoth

A FAMILIAR FACE: Violence in the lives of children and adolescents

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2017)

This report presents the most current data on four specific forms of violence – violent discipline and exposure to domestic abuse during early childhood; violence at school; violent deaths among adolescents; and sexual violence in childhood and adolescence. The statistics reveal that children experience violence across all stages of childhood, in diverse settings, and often at the hands of the trusted individuals with whom they interact daily. The report concludes with specific national actions and strategies that UNICEF has embraced to prevent and respond to violence against children.


The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), (2017)

Provides policymakers and other stakeholders with an overview of intimate partner violence (IPV) and its relationship to child trauma, as well as policy-relevant and child trauma-focused recommendations to assist them in their response to intimate partner violence.


Susan MK Tan, Norazlin Kamal Nor, Loh Sit Fong, Suzaily Wahab, Sheila Marimuthu & Chan Lai Fong, Eds.: IACAPAP, (2016)

Los niños necesitan un medio ambiente seguro al cual llamar hogar. Además de ser un lugar de abrigo, este hogar debe ser un lugar que les brinde un sentimiento de seguridad física y emocional, pero también un espacio de confort y de protección. El desarrollo óptimo del niño depende de la interacción entre factores ambientales positivos y factores intrínsecos genéticos que se inician incluso antes del nacimiento (Shonkoff et al, 2000). Las experiencias negativas (difíciles o dolorosas) durante la edad precoz han demostrado tener consecuencias a largo plazo sobre el desarrollo del niño, incluyendo cambios en la estructura cerebral (National Scientific Council respecto al Desarrollo Infantil, 2004). Las alteraciones orgánicas, como pueden ser las lesiones neurológicas o las infecciones, no son los únicos factores que pueden entorpecer el desarrollo normal; algunos factores de estrés psicológico o emocional son igualmente “tóxicos” para el desarrollo y el crecimiento del niño, especialmente si no existen figuras de apego que puedan ayudar al infante en estas circunstancias. Cuando el medio ambiente inmediato del niño se convierte en una zona de conflicto impregnado de violencia física o moral, el sufrimiento del niño no se circunscribe únicamente al instante mismo de la violencia, sino que puede tener repercusiones para el resto de su vida. La investigación ha mostrado cómo la exposición a la violencia doméstica tiene un impacto en el desarrollo de un individuo (US Department of Health and Human Services, 2003). En este capítulo el término “niño” es empleado para designar a cualquier ser humano menor de 18 años, el término “él” se utiliza para describir tanto niños como niñas, sin diferencia de género y la palabra “padre/padres” para describir cualquier figura parental o que pueda ejercer una función de autoridad parental para el niño.

Impact of Domestic Care Environment on Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Orphans in Western Kenya

Lukoye Atwoli, David Ayuku, Joseph Hogan, Julius Koech, Rachel Christine Vreeman, Samuel Ayaya, Paula Braitstein, Eds.: PLoS ONE, (2014)

The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the domestic care environment on the prevalence of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among orphaned and separated children in Uasin Gishu County, western Kenya.

fullscreen on view: An Exploratory Study on the Background and Psychosocial Consequences of Webcam Child Sex Tourism in the Philippines

Terre des Hommes Netherlands, (2013)

In recent years Terre des Hommes Netherlands observed the steady rise of a new form of child sexual exploitation. One that is enabled and fuelled by rapid technological advances, increasing global connectivity, persisting poverty rates, and growing disparity in the global distribution of resources. Terre des Hommes Netherlands received alarming signals from collaborating project partners from the Philippines that new commercial child exploitation trades are evolving and spreading parallel to rising global Internet access rates and developments in communications technology. Webcam child sex tourism is evidently growing, closely related to child prostitution, child trafficking and child abuse. What is not clear however, are the psychological and social consequences of this new phenomenon. To date, no research has been done on the psychosocial consequences of webcam sex for children. The aim of this research is therefore to gain more knowledge on the psychosocial consequences of webcam child sex tourism for children and to give insight into the antecedent factors that play a role.

Beyond a Snapshot: Learning lessons from the Terre des Hommes International Campaign against Child Trafficking (2001-2011)

Terre des Hommes; OAK foundation, Eds.: Terre Des Hommes International Foundation, (2012)

The United Nations (UN) adopted a new international legal instrument in November 2000, the UN Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, supplementing the UN Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. This contained a new definition of trafficking in persons and more particularly defined what was to be understood by child trafficking. The issue of human trafficking in general, and trafficking in children in particular, was highly relevant during the subsequent decade and anti-trafficking projects and initiatives attracted a great deal of funding. However, by the end of the decade, when funding declined, it was still not clear how much had been achieved. Some key developments during TDH's campaign are summarised in Table 1 of the report. In the early part of the last decade, between 2002 and 2006, numerous declarations against trafficking were adopted in specific regions of the world and governments proceeded to ratify the UN Trafficking Protocol and to adopt new legislation (or amend existing laws) to enforce it. Noting various weaknesses in the UN Trafficking Protocol's provisions concerning protection and assistance, various international organisations developed sets of guidelines about the protection of people who had been trafficked, including children. In 2003 UNICEF adopted a set of Guidelines for Protection of the Rights of Child Victims of Trafficking in Southeast Europe, which were developed into a set of global Guidelines for the Protection of Child Victims of Trafficking in 2006.

The 12 Core Concepts for Understanding Traumatic Stress Responses in Children and Families Adapted for Youth Who Are Trafficked

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), (2012)

The 12 Core Concepts for Understanding Traumatic Stress Responses in Children and Families provide a rationale for trauma-informed assessment and intervention. The Concepts cover a broad range of points that practitioners and agencies should consider as they strive to assess, understand, and assist trauma-exposed children, families, and communities in trauma-informed ways.

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