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Venezuela Situation Report July 2019

UNICEF , Eds.: UNICEF , (2019)

Situation Overview & Humanitarian Needs In July, the response capacity of some institutions remained limited hence affecting the provision of some key public social services.On 22 July 2019, a 24-hour national blackout took place impacted communications network, water system and other basic services in most States of Venezuela.In the Stateof Bolivar, gasoline shortages have persisted, while in the city of Cabima (Zulia State), the administrative building of the national electric company was set on fire during a protest called to denounce deficiencies in the respect of power-rationing schedule.

Information bulletin no. 1 Americas: Population Movement August 2019

IFCR, Eds.: IFCR, (2019)

In early 2015, the Americas region began to experience a surge in migration flows due in large part to the rise of people emigrating from Venezuela in response to the country’s faltering economy. This swell in migration continued in the years following, as the number of Venezuelans living in Latin American countries rose from an estimated 700,000 in 2015 to over 3 million by late 2018.1 As of June 2019, an estimated 4.3 million Venezuelan’s have left the country since 2015

Humanitarian action for children - Venezuela 2019

UNICEF, Eds.: UNICEF, (2019)

Venezuela’s socio-economic and political environment has deteriorated in 2019 with hyperinflation, shortage of food and medical supplies, under-investment in infrastructure maintenance and human capital, a sharp reduction of access to-and quality of-social services, and massive emigration including of critical skilled labor. Vulnerable populations such as children, pregnant women, the elderly, indigenous people, and low-income households have been disproportionately affected. Basic cost of living remains out of reach for 94 per cent of the population. Vaccine-preventable diseases including measles and diphtheria have re-emerged, and yellow fever and malaria are on the rise. Approximately, 3.7 million people suffer from undernourishment with prevalence almost tripling, from 3.6 per cent in 2010-2012 period to 11.7 per cent in 2015-2017. At least 4.3 million people need access to safe water, with 14 per cent of the population receiving water only every 15 days. The rapid deterioration of a protective environment is exposing children to family separation, gender-based violence (GBV) including trafficking, abuse and sexual exploitation, particularly impacting women and girls, and the worst forms of child labor. An estimated 1.3 million children and adolescents need protection services, while over 1 million children are out of school.

Migration flows in Latin America and the Caribbean - Situation Report 5

UNICEF, Eds.: UNICEF, (2019)

As of June 2019, the number of Venezuelans leaving their country reached 4 million, with Colombia, Peru, Chile, Ecuador and Brazil hosting the vast majority of Venezuelans in Latin America. The end of the first half of the year was marked by the announcement of tighter immigration measures in Peru and Chile, which triggered a significant peak in flows from Venezuela entering Colombia, Ecuador and Peru. In response to this, UNICEF Country Offices activated contingency measures and capacities for registration and provision of services were rapidly increased, in coordination with relevant authorities, to face the increased demand.

Plan de Respuesta Humanitaria Venezuela Julio 2019 – Diciembre 2019

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), (2019)

El Plan de Respuesta Humanitaria tiene como objetivo llegar a 2,6 millones de personas vulnerables hasta finales del año, que representa un número limitado de las personas en necesidad, e incluye 1,2 millones de niñas, niños y adolescentes. Para alcanzar estos objetivos, las Naciones Unidas y sus socios requieren $223 millones de dólares. El Plan tiene sus fundamentos en la estrategia de escalamiento que se inició en octubre de 2018 por Naciones Unidas para responder a las necesidades humanitarias y de otras iniciativas de respuestas implementadas por otros actores humanitarios. Este Plan permitirá fortalecer las capacidades operacionales de los actores humanitarios y poner las bases para alcanzar una población meta más amplia en 2020. El Plan será actualizado de acuerdo a información disponible, incluyendo nuevas evaluaciones.

Colombia: Humanitarian needs overview 2019

OCHA, Eds.: OCHA, (2019)

En los últimos cinco años y como parte del ciclo programático humanitario, se han identificado las personas con necesidades en Colombia (anual) en un esfuerzo conjunto de los socios del Equipo Humanitario de País, en coordinación con otras contrapartes del Estado. La afectación histórica de millones de personas por diferentes emergencias humanitarias, como consecuencia del conflicto, la violencia y eventos de desastres naturales, ha requerido la presencia e intervención complementaria al Estado, por parte de organizaciones humanitarias tanto nacionales como internacionales. Después de cuatro años de Diálogos de Paz entre el Gobierno y las FARC-EP se dio la firma de un Acuerdo, el cual debía también representar el alivio humanitario en muchas regiones golpeadas; no obstante, el deterioro de la situación humanitaria interna en Colombia, se refleja en más de 5.1 millones de personas con necesidades, como lo podremos evidenciar en este documento.

Colombia: Situational Report - June 2019

Respuesta a Venezolanos , Eds.: RAV, (2019)

According to official figures from Migración Colombia by the end of June 2019, there were more than 1.4 million Venezuelan refugees and migrants living in Colombia. The majority of people have settled in the border departments of La Guajira and Norte de Santander, continuing to cities along the Caribbean coast, or larger cities inland such as Medellin and Bogotá. Significant numbers of Venezuelans continue to cross Colombia by foot, heading for larger cities with more opportunities and better services or towards the southern border with Ecuador to continue their onward journey to a third country. Refugees and migrants arrive in Colombia with immediate humanitarian needs including access to safe accommodation, food, basic health care, but the prolonged nature of their displacement also requires longer term solutions including access to formal employment, education and social integration. The Interagency Group for Mixed Migration Flows (GIFMM) works closely with the Government at both the national level, and across 11 of the most affected departments, to deliver direct emergency assistance, protection, socio-economic integration activities and seeks to build the capacity of the host government.

CARE Rapid Gender Analysis. Latin America & Caribbean: Venezuelan Migrants & Refugees in Colombia

Anushka Kalyanpur , Eds.: CARE, (2019)

This Rapid Gender Analysis provides preliminary information and observations on the different needs, capacities and coping strategies of Venezuelan migrant and refugee women, men, boys, and girls in Colombia. It seeks to understand how gender roles and relations have changed as a result of the crisis and share recommendations for how the humanitarian community can more effectively consider these changing dynamics to better meet the different needs of women, men, boys and girls of different ages, abilities and other contextually relevant forms of diversity. The refugee and migrant crisis in Colombia is characterized by gendered dynamics and has taken a significant toll on the health and welfare on all those affected, but particularly on women and girls. Refugee and migrant women and girls face profound vulnerabilities as they leave Venezuela and either cross Colombia or stay in various locations across the country; this is even more the case for those at increased risk, such as indigenous populations, adolescent girls, etc.

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