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Epidemiological Update - Diphtheria in the Americas - Summary of the situation - 18 March 2019

Pan American Health Organization (PAHO), (2019)


In Haiti, between epidemiological week (EW) 51 of 2014 and EW 8 of 2019, there were 808 probable cases1 reported, including 107 deaths; of these, 270 were confirmed (261 by laboratory criteria and 9 by epidemiological link). In Venezuela, the diphtheria outbreak that began in July 2016 remains ongoing (Figure 2). Since the beginning of the outbreak until EW 8 of 2019, a total of 2,726 suspected cases were reported (324 cases in 2016, 1,040 in 2017, 1,198 in 2018, and 164 in 2019); of these, 1,612 were confirmed (528 by laboratory and 1,084 by clinical criteria or epidemiological link). A total of 280 deaths were reported (17 in 2016, 103 in 2017, 150 in 2018, and 10 in 2019). The case-fatality rate among confirmed cases was 18% in 2016, 13% in 2017, 20% in 2018, and 26% in 2019.
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/re...


Venezuela's humanitarian crisis, resurgence of vector-borne diseases, and implications for spillover in the region

Grillet ME, Hernández-Villena JV, Llewellyn MS, et al., (2019)


Lancet Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 21. pii: S1473-3099(18)30757-6. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30757-6 This article is available free of charge. Simply log in to access the full article, or register for free
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/...


Sistema de salud en Venezuela: ¿un paciente sin remedio?

Alejandra Carrillo Roa , (2018)


The health system in Venezuela: a patient without medication? Cad. Saúde Pública 34 (3) 05 Mar 2018 • https://doi.org/10.1590/0102-311X00058517
https://www.scielosp.org/scielo.php?script=sci_art...


Venezuela in crisis

Parker, J., (2019)


Economic and social unrest in Venezuela have led the health system to the brink of collapse. Infectious diseases are surging as a result. The Lancet Infectious Diseases Volume 19, ISSUE 1, P28, January 01, 2019
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/laninf/article/...


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