The number of people fleeing war, persecution and conflict exceeded 70 million in 2018. This is the highest level that UNHCR has seen in its almost 70 years. The figure of 70.8 million is conservative, in particular as the crisis in Venezuela is still only partly reflected in this number. In all, some 4 million Venezuelans, according to data from governments receiving them, have left their country, making this among the world’s biggest recent displacement crises. Although the majority need international refugee protection, as of today only around half a million have taken the step of formally applying for asylum.
ithin the 70.8 million figure in the Global Trends report are three main groups. The first is refugees, meaning people forced to flee their country because of conflict, war or persecution. In 2018, the number of refugees reached 25.9 million worldwide, 500,000 more than in 2017. Included in this total are 5.5 million Palestine refugees who are under the care of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency.
The second group is asylum seekers – people outside their country of origin and receiving international protection, but awaiting the outcome of their claim to refugee status. At the end of 2018 there were 3.5 million asylum seekers globally.
The third and biggest group, at 41.3 million, is people displaced to other areas within their own country, a category commonly referred to as Internally Displaced People or IDPs.
Human Rights Watch defiende los derechos de personas en todo el mundo. Investigamos
exhaustivamente casos de abuso, exponemos ampliamente los hechos y exigimos a
quienes están en el poder que respeten los derechos y garanticen medidas de justicia.
Human Rights Watch es una organización internacional independiente cuya labor se
inscribe en un movimiento dinámico por la dignidad humana y la defensa de los derechos
humanos para todos.
In Haiti, between epidemiological week (EW) 51 of 2014 and EW 8 of 2019, there were 808 probable cases1 reported, including 107 deaths; of these, 270 were confirmed (261 by laboratory criteria and 9 by epidemiological link).
In Venezuela, the diphtheria outbreak that began in July 2016 remains ongoing (Figure 2). Since the beginning of the outbreak until EW 8 of 2019, a total of 2,726 suspected cases were reported (324 cases in 2016, 1,040 in 2017, 1,198 in 2018, and 164 in 2019); of these, 1,612 were confirmed (528 by laboratory and 1,084 by clinical criteria or epidemiological link). A total of 280 deaths were reported (17 in 2016, 103 in 2017, 150 in 2018, and 10 in 2019). The case-fatality rate among confirmed cases was 18% in 2016, 13% in 2017, 20% in 2018, and 26% in 2019.
Lancet Infect Dis. 2019 Feb 21. pii: S1473-3099(18)30757-6. doi: 10.1016/S1473-3099(18)30757-6
This article is available free of charge.
Simply log in to access the full article, or register for free