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Child mental health in Sierra Leone: a survey and exploratory qualitative study

H.N.C. Yoder, W..Tol, R. Reis and J.T.V.M. deJong, (2016)

This study complements the growing amount of research on the psychosocial impact of war on chil-dren in Sierra Leone by examining local perceptions of child mental health, formal and informal care systems, help-seeking behaviour and stigma Yoder et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2016) 10:48 DOI 10.1186/s13033-016-0080-8

Child Community Mental Health Services in Asia Pacific and Singapore’s REACH Model

Choon Guan Lim, Hannah Loh, Vidhya Renjan, Jason Tan and Daniel Fung, Eds.: Brain Sciences, (2017)

In recent decades, there have been concerted efforts to improve mental health services for youths alongside the challenges of rising healthcare costs and increasing demand for mental health needs. One important phenomenon is the shift from traditional clinic-based care to community based mental health services to improve accessibility to services and provide patient-centred care. In this article, we discuss the child and adolescent community mental health efforts within the Asia-Pacific region. We also discuss Singapore’s community and school-based mental health service, known as the Response, Early Intervention and Assessment in Community Mental Health (REACH). This article discusses how REACH has evolved over the years in response to the changing needs of youths in Singapore. Finally, we discuss the current challenges and future directions for youth mental health care.

Mental Health in the Asia-Pacific Region: An Overview

Alexander Lourdes Samy, Zahra Fazli Khalaf, & Wah-Yun Low, Eds.: International Journal of Behavioral Science, (2015)

Mental health problem is one of the growing major public health issues in the Asia Pacific region. It contributes to the high number of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), morbidity and mortality in the region. It is expected that leading mental health problems will occur in the low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and majority of the countries which comes under this category are in the Asia Pacific region. In addition, mental health problem hamper the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly MDG 1, MDG 4 and MDG 5. The most common mental health problems in the region are depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behaviour and substance abuse disorder. Several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors were identified for the cause of these major mental health issues. Interventions, programmes and policies need to be designed in order to curb mental health problems at all levels.

Deutsche Traumafolgekostenstudie Kein Kind mehr – kein(e) Trauma(kosten) mehr?

Susanne Habetha, Sabrina Bleich, Christoph Sievers, Ursula Marschall, Jörg Weidenhammer, Jörg M. Fegert , Eds.: Institut für Gesundheits-System-Forschung GmbH, (2012)

In den letzten Jahren hat die öffentliche Debatte über Kinderschutzfragen zu entscheidenden Veränderungen - sowohl in der Öffentlichkeit wie in der Fachdebatte in Deutschland - geführt. Anfang 2012 trat ein neues Bundeskinderschutzgesetz in Kraft; der Aufarbeitungsprozess nach dem Missbrauchsskandal, der Deutschland ab Anfang 2010 in einer breiteren öffentlichen Diskussion erschüttert hat, hat mit dem Abschluss der Arbeit der Unabhängigen Beauftragten zur Aufarbeitung des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, der ehemaligen Bundesfamilienministerin Frau Dr. Christine Bergmann, und mit dem Abschlussbericht des Runden Tisches Ende 2011 eine Bestandsaufnahme abgeschlossen und eine Agenda für die weitere Arbeit der Umsetzung aufgestellt. Zu diesen zahlreichen zu bearbeitenden Punkten gehören auch ein hilfreicherer Umgang mit Betroffenen im Gesundheitswesen, eine bessere Diagnostik und Abklärung in Kinderschutzfällen, auch auf der medizinischen Seite. Verzögerungen bei der Implementation von Hilfe, Unterstützungsmaßnahmen und Therapien werden beklagt und Lotsenfunktionen in Bezug auf gesetzliche Ansprüche wie z.B. im Rahmen des Opferentschädigungsrechts werden vorgeschlagen.

Cartographie des enfants en mouvement en Afrique

Comité Africain d’Experts sur les Droits et le Bien-être de l’Enfant CAEDBE, Eds.: GIZ; Save the Children; EU, (2018)

Mapping Children on the Move

African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Children ACERWC , Eds.: GIZ; Save the Children; EU, (2018)

In reviewing State Parties report on the implementation of the Charter, the Committee has identified children on the move as an emerging child protection issue in African, and therefore commissioned a study in view of making recommendations to tackle the problem in Member States. The Committee observed that there were challenges with regard to upholding the rights and welfare of children on the move and that there are gaps on the type of protection measures and treatment that is be accorded to such children within our beloved Continent. The study presents key drivers of the children on the move, migration routes, challenges faced by children on the move, policy and institutionalized content protecting children on the move and finally the way forward.

War child: "I´ve moved, my rights haven't" (Towards a global action plan for children forced to flee)

War Child, Eds.: War Child , (2016)

We live in a world in which 28 million children have been driven from their homes as a result of conflict, persecution and insecurity¹. If current trends continue, more than 63 million children could be forced to flee by 2025², of which over 25 million will cross borders and become refugees. At least 300,000 of these child refugees will end up alone, separated from their families³. Without a step-change in the provision of education for refugee children, at least 12 million of them will be out of school by 2025⁴.

Adolescent Development Program, Iraq: Participation of Adolescents and Youth for Social Cohesion

Dr. Syed M. Ali Shah, Eds.: United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2017)

FINAL EVALUATION REPORT Reference: V.No. 1900853259 [February 16, 2017 | Iraq] - With the aim to continuously improve transparency and use of evaluation, UNICEF Evaluation Office manages the "Global Evaluation Reports Oversight System (GEROS)". Within this system, an external independent company reviews and rates all evaluation reports. The quality rating scale for evaluation reports is as follows: “Highly Satisfactory”, “Satisfactory”, “Fair” or “Unsatisfactory”. You will find the link to the quality rating below, labelled as ‘Part 2’ of the report, and the executive feedback summary labelled as ‘Part 3’.

A good start: advances in early childhood development - Parenting in times of war: supporting caregivers and children in crisis

Katie Murphy, Sandra Maignant, Laura Boone, Sarah Smith, Eds.: Bernard van Leer Foundation , (2015)

Early Childhood Matters is a journal about early childhood. It looks at specific issues regarding the development of young children, in particular from a psychosocial perspective. It is published twice per year by the Bernard van Leer Foundation. On Page 54 of this issue the article titled: "Parenting in times of war: supporting caregivers and children in crisis" can be found. In this article: Humanitarian interventions to support and guide parents and caregivers in times of war can mitigate the negative effects of violence and chaos on children and promote their resilience and development. This article highlights recent findings from the International Rescue Committee’s parenting programmes in Syria, underscoring the importance of such programmes not only in strengthening caregiving practices but also in addressing the psychological needs of parents.

Children and adolescents treated for post-traumatic stress disorder at the Free State Psychiatric Complex

Calitz, F.J., de Jongh, N.J., Horn, A., Nel, M.L. & Joubert, G. , Eds.: South African Journal of Psychology, (2014)

Background. Children and adolescents can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after exposure to a range of traumatic events, including domestic, political or community violence, violent crime, physical and sexual abuse, hijacking, witnessing a violent crime and motor vehicle accidents. This is particularly critical given the substantial challenge that PTSD poses to the healthy physical, cognitive and emotional development of children and adolescents.

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