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Practitioner Review: Posttraumatic stress disorder and its treatment in children and adolescents

Patrick Smith, T. Dalgleish and R. Meiser‐Stedman, (2019)

Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry60:5 (2019), pp 500–515

Focused psychosocial interventions for children in low-resource humanitarian settings: a systematic review and individual participant data meta-analysis

Purgato, M., Gross, A.L., Betancourt, T., et al , Eds.: Lancet Glob Health, (2018)

Results from studies evaluating the effectiveness of focused psychosocial support interventions in children exposed to traumatic events in humanitarian settings in low-income and middle-income countries have been inconsistent, showing varying results by setting and subgroup (eg, age or gender). We aimed to assess the effectiveness of these interventions, and to explore which children are likely to benefit most. Lancet Glob Health 2018; 6: e390–400

Growing Up in Conflict: The Impact on Children's Mental Health and Psychosocial Well-being

Maria Bray, Sabine Rakotomalala, Leslie Snider, Saji Thomas, Eds.: UNICEF, Wendy Ager, Pierette James, (2015)

Report on the symposium 26–28 May 2015, New Babylon Meeting Center, The Hague

Child mental health in Sierra Leone: a survey and exploratory qualitative study

H.N.C. Yoder, W..Tol, R. Reis and J.T.V.M. deJong, (2016)

This study complements the growing amount of research on the psychosocial impact of war on chil-dren in Sierra Leone by examining local perceptions of child mental health, formal and informal care systems, help-seeking behaviour and stigma Yoder et al. Int J Ment Health Syst (2016) 10:48 DOI 10.1186/s13033-016-0080-8

Child Community Mental Health Services in Asia Pacific and Singapore’s REACH Model

Choon Guan Lim, Hannah Loh, Vidhya Renjan, Jason Tan and Daniel Fung, Eds.: Brain Sciences, (2017)

In recent decades, there have been concerted efforts to improve mental health services for youths alongside the challenges of rising healthcare costs and increasing demand for mental health needs. One important phenomenon is the shift from traditional clinic-based care to community based mental health services to improve accessibility to services and provide patient-centred care. In this article, we discuss the child and adolescent community mental health efforts within the Asia-Pacific region. Brain Sci.2017,7, 126; doi:10.3390/brainsci7100126

Mental Health in the Asia-Pacific Region: An Overview

Alexander Lourdes Samy, Zahra Fazli Khalaf, & Wah-Yun Low, Eds.: International Journal of Behavioral Science, (2015)

Mental health problem is one of the growing major public health issues in the Asia Pacific region. It contributes to the high number of Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs), morbidity and mortality in the region. It is expected that leading mental health problems will occur in the low-and middle-income countries (LMICs) and majority of the countries which comes under this category are in the Asia Pacific region. In addition, mental health problem hamper the achievement of Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly MDG 1, MDG 4 and MDG 5. The most common mental health problems in the region are depression, anxiety, posttraumatic stress disorder, suicidal behaviour and substance abuse disorder. Several modifiable and non-modifiable risk factors were identified for the cause of these major mental health issues. Interventions, programmes and policies need to be designed in order to curb mental health problems at all levels.

Impact of Domestic Care Environment on Trauma and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder among Orphans in Western Kenya

Lukoye Atwoli, David Ayuku, Joseph Hogan, Julius Koech, Rachel Christine Vreeman, Samuel Ayaya, Paula Braitstein, Eds.: PLoS ONE, (2014)

The aim of this study was to determine the impact of the domestic care environment on the prevalence of potentially traumatic events (PTEs) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among orphaned and separated children in Uasin Gishu County, western Kenya. PLos One March 2014 | Volume 9 | Issue 3 | e89937

Deutsche Traumafolgekostenstudie Kein Kind mehr – kein(e) Trauma(kosten) mehr?

Susanne Habetha, Sabrina Bleich, Christoph Sievers, Ursula Marschall, Jörg Weidenhammer, Jörg M. Fegert , Eds.: Institut für Gesundheits-System-Forschung GmbH, (2012)

In den letzten Jahren hat die öffentliche Debatte über Kinderschutzfragen zu entscheidenden Veränderungen - sowohl in der Öffentlichkeit wie in der Fachdebatte in Deutschland - geführt. Anfang 2012 trat ein neues Bundeskinderschutzgesetz in Kraft; der Aufarbeitungsprozess nach dem Missbrauchsskandal, der Deutschland ab Anfang 2010 in einer breiteren öffentlichen Diskussion erschüttert hat, hat mit dem Abschluss der Arbeit der Unabhängigen Beauftragten zur Aufarbeitung des sexuellen Kindesmissbrauchs, der ehemaligen Bundesfamilienministerin Frau Dr. Christine Bergmann, und mit dem Abschlussbericht des Runden Tisches Ende 2011 eine Bestandsaufnahme abgeschlossen und eine Agenda für die weitere Arbeit der Umsetzung aufgestellt. Zu diesen zahlreichen zu bearbeitenden Punkten gehören auch ein hilfreicherer Umgang mit Betroffenen im Gesundheitswesen, eine bessere Diagnostik und Abklärung in Kinderschutzfällen, auch auf der medizinischen Seite. Verzögerungen bei der Implementation von Hilfe, Unterstützungsmaßnahmen und Therapien werden beklagt und Lotsenfunktionen in Bezug auf gesetzliche Ansprüche wie z.B. im Rahmen des Opferentschädigungsrechts werden vorgeschlagen.

War child: "I´ve moved, my rights haven't" (Towards a global action plan for children forced to flee)

War Child, Eds.: War Child , (2016)

We live in a world in which 28 million children have been driven from their homes as a result of conflict, persecution and insecurity¹. If current trends continue, more than 63 million children could be forced to flee by 2025², of which over 25 million will cross borders and become refugees. At least 300,000 of these child refugees will end up alone, separated from their families³. Without a step-change in the provision of education for refugee children, at least 12 million of them will be out of school by 2025⁴.

A good start: advances in early childhood development - Parenting in times of war: supporting caregivers and children in crisis

Katie Murphy, Sandra Maignant, Laura Boone, Sarah Smith, Eds.: Bernard van Leer Foundation , (2015)

Early Childhood Matters is a journal about early childhood. It looks at specific issues regarding the development of young children, in particular from a psychosocial perspective. It is published twice per year by the Bernard van Leer Foundation. On Page 54 of this issue the article titled: "Parenting in times of war: supporting caregivers and children in crisis" can be found. In this article: Humanitarian interventions to support and guide parents and caregivers in times of war can mitigate the negative effects of violence and chaos on children and promote their resilience and development. This article highlights recent findings from the International Rescue Committee’s parenting programmes in Syria, underscoring the importance of such programmes not only in strengthening caregiving practices but also in addressing the psychological needs of parents.

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