Засвоєні уроки з Проекту “Навчання життєвим навичкам та психосоціальна підтримка дітей, які постраждали внаслідок конфлікту на сході України”, що фінансується Службою Європейської Комісії з гуманітарної допомоги та громадянського захисту (ЕСНО) в рамках Ініціативи “Діти миру
Background: Several studies have demonstrated that South African children and adolescents are
exposed to high levels of violent trauma with a significant proportion developing PTSD, however,
limited resources make it difficult to accurately identify traumatized children.
Methods: A clinical interview (K-SADS-PL, selected modules) and self-report scale (CATS) were
compared to determine if these different methods of assessment elicit similar information with
regards to trauma exposure and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in adolescents. Youth (n =
58) from 2 schools in Cape Town, South Africa participated.
Results: 91% of youth reported having been exposed to a traumatic event on self-report (CATS)
and 38% reported symptoms severe enough to be classified as PTSD. On interview (K-SADS-PL),
86% reported exposure to a traumatic event and 19% were found to have PTSD. While there were
significant differences in the rates of trauma exposure and PTSD on the K-SADS and CATS, a cutoff value of 15 on the CATS maximized both the number of true positives and true negatives with
PTSD. The CATS also differentiated well between adolescents meeting DSM-IV PTSD symptom
criteria from adolescents not meeting criteria.
Conclusions: Our results indicate that trauma exposure and PTSD are prevalent in South African
youth and if appropriate cut-offs are used, self-report scales may be useful screening tools for
Overview of available standardized measures of Complex Trauma on www.nctsn.org | Accessed online February 2019