During this reporting week, a total of 7,150 entrants were surveyed. Of these,
62.8% were South Sudanese nationals; 28.6% were from Uganda; 3.9% from Kenya; 2.4% from Democratic Republic of Congo; and a further 2.3% were from other countries. Entrants’ origin information is self-reported.
• 3,157 Ebola cases reported, including more than 900 children
• 2,108 Ebola deaths in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
• 12.5 million people at risk in Burundi, Rwanda, South Sudan and Uganda
This Weekly Bulletin focuses on selected acute public health emergencies occurring in the WHO African Region. The WHO Health Emergencies Programme is currently monitoring 74 events in the region. This week’s edition covers key new and ongoing events, including:
Cholera in Chad
Humanitarian crisis in South Sudan
Ebola virus disease in Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dengue fever in Côte d’Ivoire.
Five Ebola alerts were reported from 19 – 25 July. Rapid response teams were deployed for case investigation and sample collection. GenXpert and Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) test results were negative for the two samples that met case definition.
The Hon. Minister for Health and WHO Representative made a press statement at South Sudan Broadcasting Cooperation (SSBC) to dispel rumors and misinformation circulating following an EVD alert reported in Juba that created lot of panic. A lot of rumors were generated on social media.
Two linked drills for National Rapid response team and case management teams were conducted in Juba on 26 July. The drills tested the functions of alert notification, Rapid Response Team activation, deployment, case investigation and transfer of a patient, triage and admission and isolation unit. The purpose of these simulation exercises were to the operational readiness of the RRT and the Case management team. Similar Drills will be conducted in Nimule, Yei, Maridi and Yambio in August
One hundred and eighty (180) frontline health workers were vaccinated against EVD in Yei River state. The cumulative number of front-line health care workers in South Sudan is 2,973.
A new PoE screening site was established and operationalized - Isebi PoE in Lujulu Payam, Morobo County. Currently, IOM is operating 15 active PoE sites, namely: Yei airstrip, Yei SSRRC, Tokori, Lasu, Kaya, Bazi, Salia Musala, Okaba, Khor Kaya (along Busia Uganda Border) and Isebi in Morobo County; Pure, Kerwa, Khorijo, Birigo in Lainya County; and Bori.
Two suspected Ebola virus disease (EVD) alert were reported in Yei on 5 and 6 July 2019. Samples was shipped to Juba National Public Health Laboratory (NPHL) for preliminary testing and sent for confirmation in Uganda Virus Research Institute (UVRI). Results are expected between 8 and 10 July respectively.
On 6 July 2019 the first preliminary test for Ebola conducted at the national Public Health Laboratory in Juba using the recently installed polymerase chain reaction (PCR) machine was invalid. Confirmation is now being pursued from the Uganda Virus Research Institute.
84,804 screenings were conducted for EVD at 31 points of entry during week 27. The cumulative number of screenings conducted since August 2018 is 2,494,212.