The security and humanitarian situation continues to deteriorate across north-western Syria due to ongoing fighting between government and non-state armed group forces. Large scale population movements and casualties continued to be reported as a result of the surge in conflict, with at least 450 civilian casualties reported since late April according to the UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR).
• Violence in northwest Syria continues unabated, which is taking a heavy toll on the three million civilians who live in the area. Since the end of April, hundreds of civilians are killed by airstrikes and shelling, while many more have been injured.
• Hundreds of thousands of civilians have been forced to flee their homes to escape the violence. The majority of those who are displaced are moving to densely-populated areas where humanitarian assistance is over-stretched.
Operational Context The conflict in Syria has entered its eighth year, taking a devastating toll on the lives of the Syrian people. The largest displacement crisis since World War II, some 6.2 million Syrians are internally displaced and 5.7 million are registered as refugees outside of the country.
In Syria, the escalation of violence in Hajin in Deir-ez-Zor Governorate has led to the
displacement of over 25,000 people to Al Hol camp (since December 2018 until end of
January 2019), which currently hosts some 35,000 people and has largely surpassed its
maximum capacity. The majority of the displaced are women, children and elderly
people, who endured a difficult journey of 300 kilometers with limited food, water and
shelter, often reaching the camp in critical health conditions. Due to ongoing insecurity
and proximity to areas of active conflict, humanitarian access in the Hajin area remains
severely restricted, however, UNICEF is in discussions to establish a reception area to
deliver life-saving assistance en route to Al Hol camp.