Seasonal monsoon has brought strong winds and heavy rains across Myanmar, further intensified by a depression over the Bay of Bengal, causing increased water levels in major rivers and floods in various states and regions. More than 134,000 people have been affected by the floods since the beginning of July 2019. Approximately 86,413 people affected in the first round of flooding and formerly displaced in Kachin, Rakhine, Sagaing, Chin, Mandalay, and Magway have since been able to return to their homes.
Approximately 300,000 children under five in Kayin State, Mon State and Bago Region were reached with two rounds of polio vaccination during second and third week of July after an outbreak of vaccine-derived polio virus in Hpa-pun township, Kayin State. UNICEF supported the outbreak response with immunization, epidemiological & social investigation, planning, monitoring and implementation assistance especially in hard to reach & inaccessible areas of 12 townships.
In the first half of 2019, UNICEF and its partners have:
o Admitted 8,598 Rohingya children to 35 outpatient therapeutic programmes for the treatment of severe acute malnutrition; o Fully immunized 56,494 infants in camps and host communities, protecting them against measles, diphtheria and other diseases;
o Reached 250,000 Rohingya refugees with safe water. Fourteen piped water networks have been completed, meaning 84,500 or one-third of the refugees in the UNICEF’s area of responsibility are accessing water chlorinated during distribution;
o Provided psychosocial support for 58,427 children to contribute to the mental, social and emotional well-being;
o Ensured access to learning for 192,063 (49 per cent girls) Rohingya children aged 4 to 14 years in 2,167 learning centres.
More harsh weather expected as rains begin to impact refugee camps, causing damage and concern for coming cyclones
JOINT RESPONSE PLAN (JRP)
The Strategic Executive Group has developed a Joint Response Plan (JRP) for 2019 regarding the displaced people from Myanmar and who are affected specially by this influx The JRP has included different issues in terms of measuring people who are in need, of support interventions and assistance, types of aid, a emphasizing on a coordinated approach among all NGOs and concerned government sectors pointing the below topics:
• Overview of the crisis and needs
• Protection framework for humanitarian response
• Response strategy of 2019
• Coordination and monitoring
• The new way of working
• Cross-cutting issues
• People targeted by sector
Through developing this Plan, the SEG attempted to depicting shared understanding of the crisis, including the most pressing humanitarian needs. It represents a consolidated evidence-base and will helps this joint strategic response plan who are working at the same ground.
The Government of Myanmar has taken initial steps to implement some of the
recommendations, particularly those made by the Advisory Commission. The overarching
objectives of the recommendations, however, remain largely unaddressed, with no
significant progress observed on human rights concerns raised in previous reports
submitted to the Human Rights Council. The High Commissioner recommends that the
Government of Myanmar take action to ensure compliance with its international human
Myanmar is amidst an important political and socio-economic transformation. The country is highly susceptible to natural disasters and climate risks. An estimated 37.5 percent of its 53 million population live near or below the poverty line. Many struggle with physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food with women, girls, elderly persons with disabilities and minorities affected most.