DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 109 - This report documents trends in key child nutrition indicators in Rwanda. Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in 2005, 2010, and 2014-15 were analyzed, disaggregated by selected equity-related variables, and tested for trends. Over the survey period, Rwanda had high rates of exclusive breastfeeding, with regional variation. Rates of continued breastfeeding were also high but generally decreased as mother’s education and household wealth increased in all survey years. Complementary feeding practices varied by region, mother’s education, household wealth, urban-rural residence, and sex of the child. Generally, consumption of vitamin A-rich foods was high but consumption of iron-rich foods was low, with differences by household wealth. Consumption of iron-rich foods also varied by region, urban-rural residence, and mother’s education. There were substantial differences in the prevalence of stunting by urban-rural residence, region, and household wealth, and between boys and girls. These findings suggest that strategies are warranted to increase the prevalence of optimal breastfeeding in urban areas and among the wealthier and more educated. Urgent efforts to improve appropriate complementary feeding practices are needed, and these practices should be monitored by socioeconomic characteristics, residential status, and region in order to focus on groups and areas most in need. Strategies to improve complementary feeding practices among rural residents, poor households, and mothers with less education should be tested, along with specific regional strategies.
DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 108 - This report examines levels, trends, and inequalities in maternal health in Rwanda from 2010 to
2014-15 among women age 15-49 with a recent birth. The analysis uses Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for 15 key indicators of maternal health: 6 for antenatal care, 3 for delivery, 1 for postnatal care, and 5 for barriers to accessing medical care. Levels and trends in these indicators were analyzed overall and by three background characteristics: women’s education, household wealth quintile, and region. A further analysis of disparities by wealth quintile was also performed, using the concentration index. Overall, the results show substantial improvements for 6 of the 9 key indicators of antenatal care, delivery care, and postnatal care, as well as a decrease in reported barriers to care. However, a majority of women still receive fewer than the recommended number of at least four antenatal care visits, do not receive a postnatal checkup within 2 days following delivery, and report at least one serious problem in obtaining health care. The study also shows persistent disparities by education, wealth, and region. In both surveys, 11 of the 15 health indicators were significantly unequal by women’s household wealth status. Moreover, 8 indicators were even more unequal by household wealth status in 2014-15 than in 2010. Sometimes, gains can occur faster among the wealthiest than the poorest. Nevertheless, as maternal health care improves in Rwanda, additional initiatives and outreach should be directed to disadvantaged groups and regions in order to ensure better equity in maternal health.
DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 107 - This report, based largely on the 2014-15 national survey in Rwanda, focuses on changes and trends in reproductive behavior since 2010. In the 4-5 years after the 2010 survey, fertility continued its decline to 4.2 births per woman as contraceptive prevalence increased slightly. However, the earlier downward trend in number of children desired appears stalled. This is clearly evident from an increase in the proportions of married women and men who say they want more children. Child mortality has significantly declined and remains strongly related to fertility; while age at marriage has continued to increase. The demographic goals specified in the 1998-99 plan for development, Rwanda Vision 2020, appear on track, but the annual rate of population growth remains high, currently 2.5%, because fertility is high. Furthermore, large numbers of young people are now entering their child-bearing years. Although most trends seem encouraging, especially compared with other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, significant population growth is expected in Rwanda, from 12 to 16 million people by 2030, and to 22 million people by mid-century, even with assumed reductions of fertility.
Key Malaria Indicators from the 2017 Rwanda Malaria Indicator Survey - The table in this key indicator report provides estimates of key indicators for the country as a whole and for each of the five provinces in Rwanda.
General fact sheet in booklet form about the 2014-2015 Demographic and Health Survey conducted in Rwanda. The 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) provides data for monitoring the health situation of the population in Rwanda. The 2014-15 RDHS is the 5th Demographic and Health Survey conducted in the country. The survey is based on a nationally representative sample. It provides estimates at the national and provincial levels, as well as for urban and rural areas, and for some, at the district level.
Info-graphic on Fast Facts from the 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey.
This report provides an overview of the Key findings of the Rwanda 2014-2015 Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS). The 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) was designed to provide data for monitoring the population and health situation in Rwanda. The 2014-15 RDHS is the fifth Demographic and Health Survey
conducted in Rwanda since 1992. The objective of the survey was to provide reliable estimates of fertility levels, marriage, sexual activity, fertility preferences, family planning methods, breastfeeding practices, nutrition, childhood and maternal mortality, maternal and child health, early childhood development, malaria, domestic violence, and HIV/AIDS and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs) that can be used by program managers and policymakers to evaluate and improve existing programs.
The National Institute of statistics of Rwanda (NISR) in collaboration with the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys Program implemented the 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) to collect data for monitoring progress on health programs and policies in Rwanda. This publication illustrates the profile of Kigali City
The National Institute of statistics of Rwanda (NISR) in collaboration with the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys Program implemented the 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) to collect data for monitoring progress on health programs and policies in Rwanda. This publication illustrates the profile of Eastern Province.
The National Institute of statistics of Rwanda (NISR) in collaboration with the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys Program implemented the 2014-15 Rwanda Demographic and Health Survey (RDHS) to collect data for monitoring progress on health programs and policies in Rwanda. This publication illustrates the profile of Southern province