This document provides a generic model that can be used for risk assessment of exposure to insecticide products applied as indoor residual sprays. It aims to harmonize the risk assessment of such insecticides for public health use in order to generate comparable data for their registering and labelling by national regulatory authorities. The assessment considers both adults and children (all age groups) as well as people in the following specific categories:
- those preparing the spray;
- those applying the spray;
- residents living in the treated houses;
- residents who participate in preparing and applying insecticides.
(Policy Brief, Vol. 5 No. 1 2018)
This study draws on case studies and a systematic literature review to analyse the key interventions used in the Asia Pacific Region to attract and retain health workers in remote and rural areas. Thirty-nine published articles, including the grey literature from the region, were systematically reviewed. These were supplemented with more detailed case studies from Cambodia, China and Viet Nam, selected on the basis of how well they represented the status of socioeconomic development. Twenty-eight key informants, including policymakers, health managers, academic experts and rural health workers, were interviewed for the case studies. The implementation process, effectiveness and contextual factors of the interventions identified were analysed.
This report brings attention to achieving gender equality in the context of women, girls, and the HIV response. This six-month consultation in 2016 with adolescent women and young girls found that #WhatWomenWant is: collaboration and joint action by all to invest in women's HIV and Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights (SRHR), to be leaders and articulate the priorities of women and girls in all their diversity, and to speak to the new Political Declaration on AIDS and the SDG framework as a tool for civil society to meet their agenda to achieve gender equality in the HIV and SRHR response.