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Integrating palliative care and symptom relief into primary health care : WHO guide for planners, implementers and managers

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)

Inequality of access to palliative care and symptom relief is one of the greatest disparities in global health care (1). Currently, there is avoidable suffering on a massive scale due to lack of access to palliative care and symptom relief in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) (1). Yet basic palliative care that can prevent or relieve most suffering due to serious or life-threatening health conditions can be taught easily to generalist clinicians, can be provided in the community and requires only simple, inexpensive medicines and equipment. For these reasons, the World Health Assembly (WHA) resolved that palliative care is "an ethical responsibility of health systems"(2). Further, most patients who need palliative care are at home and prefer to remain there. Thus, it is imperative that palliative care be provided in the community as part of primary care. This document was written to assist ministries of health and health care planners, implementers and managers to integrate palliative care and symptom control into primary health care (PHC).

State of Health in the WHO African Region

World Health Organization WHO, Regional Office African Region, (2018)

This report is not a country scorecard. Rather, its purpose is to act as a compass to guide progress towards health in the SDGs. There has been a significant improvement in the state of health in the region with healthy life expectancy - time spent in full health - in the region increasing from 50.9 years to 53.8 between 2012 and 2015 - the most marked increase of any region in the world. What is making Africans sick is changing. The top killers are still lower respiratory infections, HIV and diarrhoeal disease and countries have routinely focused on preventing and treating this trio, often through specialized programmes. The payoff has been significant declines in deaths due to these diseases. There has been a 50% reduction in the burden of disease caused by what have been the top 10 killers since 2000 and death rates have dropped from 87.7 to 51.1 deaths per 100,000 persons between 2000 and 2015... Chronic diseases like heart disease and cancer are now claiming more lives with a person aged 30 to 70 in the region having a one in five chance of dying from a noncommunicable disease (NCDs). Countries are specifically failing to provide essential services to two critical age groups – adolescents and the elderly...

Zimbabwe Cholera Control Guidelines

Ministry of Health and Child Welfare ; World Health Organisation Zimbabwe, (2009)

3rd edition

WHO recommendations on adolescent health: guidelines approved by the WHO Guidelines Review Committee

World Health Organization (WHO), (2017)

This document is meant to respond to the questions:
■ What health interventions should the adolescent receive and when should s/he receive it?
■ What health behaviours should the adolescent practise (or not practise)?

Health System Review: Achievements and Challenges

Tangcharoensathien, Viroy; Patcharanarumol, Walaiporn; Panichkriangkrai, Warisa, Eds.: World Health Organization (WHO), (2016)

Policy Note: Thailand Health Systems in Transition
By 2002, Universal Health Coverage was achieved through three public insurance schemes: the Civil Servant Medical Benefit Scheme (CSMBS) for civil servants and their dependents, Social Health Insurance (SHI) for formal sector employees, and the Universal Coverage Scheme (UCS) for the remainder of the population.
The establishment of these three schemes has changed the way health care is financed. A supply-led system, under which all Ministry of Public Health (MOPH) health facilities received an annual budget allocation from the MOPH, has now been completely replaced by a system in which the three public purchasers - separated through a purchaser-provider split - manage a demand-led system of financing.

Surveillance des vecteurs et lutte antivectorielle dans les ports, les aéroports et aux postes-frontières

Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), (2016)

Le présent manuel a pour objet d'orienter les États membres sur les aspects pratiques du maintien des normes sanitaires aux frontières internationales dans les ports, les aéroports et les passages à niveau (points d'entrée) énoncés dans le Règlement sanitaire international (2005). Il fournit des conseils techniques pour l'élaboration d'un programme complet de surveillance systématique des vecteurs de maladies et de lutte intégrée contre les vecteurs aux points d'entrée.

Linking Private Primary Health Care Networks to Sustainable Domestic Financing: A Practical Guide for Network Managers

Hariharan, N., Ishtiaq, A., Eldridge, C., et al., Eds.: Results for Development (R4D), (2018)

The guide helps network managers and technical experts navigate the steps necessary for gathering, structuring, analyzing and reporting information needed to make strategic plans that improve sustainability and equity.

Intégrer les maladies tropicales négligées dans l’action pour la santé mondiale et le développement: quatrième rapport de l’OMS sur les maladies tropicales négligées

Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), (2018)

Ce rapport montre que d’importants progrès ont été accomplis en 2015 pour atteindre les cibles de la feuille de route. Ces résultats procèdent de la mise en œuvre de cinq interventions recommandées par l’OMS pour vaincre les MTN : chimiothérapie préventive ; prise en charge innovante et intensifiée de la maladie ; écologie et gestion vectorielles ; services de santé publique vétérinaire ; et approvisionnement en eau sans risque sanitaire et services d’assainissement et d’hygiène.

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