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Global Health Security (GHS) Index

Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI) and the Johns Hopkins Center for Health Security (JHU), Eds.: The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), (2019)

The GHS Index is intended to be a key resource in the face of increasing risks of high-consequence and globally catastrophic biological events and in light of major gaps in international financing for preparedness. These risks are magnified by a rapidly changing and interconnected world; increasing political instability; urbanization; climate change; and rapid technology advances that make it easier, cheaper, and faster to create and engineer pathogens. Key findings from the study of 195 countries: • Out of a possible 100 points, the average GHS Index score across 195 countries was 40.2. • The majority of high- and middle-income countries do not score above 50. • Action is urgently needed to improve countries’ readiness for high-consequence infectious disease outbreaks.

Regional Ebola Preparedness Overview of Needs and Requirements June to December 2019

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)

This document presents a consolidated summary of urgent activities required to advance preparedness, as elaborated in each country's national plan, with a particular focus on Priority 1 countries. It presents the estimated requirements, needs, and gaps for each of the Priority 1 countries and a summary for Priority 2 countries, as aligned for the period of July to December 2019.

Investigation and public health management of people with possible Ebola virus disease infection

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control ECDC, (2019)

This document aims to provide guidance to EU/EEA public health authorities, public health professionals and healthcare practitioners for the management of persons having had contact with cases of Ebola virus disease (EVD) after visiting or working in an area that is affected by EVD; also covered is occupational exposure to the disease

A World at Risk

Global Preparedness Monitoring Board, (2019)

Annual report on global preparednessfor health emergencies The next pandemic is not a question of if, but when—and the world is woefully unprepared, according to the first annual report from the Global Preparedness Monitoring Board. The WHO and the World Bank convened the independent group after the 2014-2015 Ebola outbreak in West Africa, Global News reports. Within 36 hours, a contagion like the 1918 flu could sweep the globe and take 50 to 80 million lives while wreaking havoc on the global economy, the report warns. And that’s just one possibility. What would it take to get prepared? An investment of $1-$2 per person per year could create “acceptable” level of preparedness.

Operational Guide: The Early Warning and Response System (EWARS) for Dengue Outbreaks

World Health Organization WHO; TDR Program, (2018)

This guide is a revised edition to the previous version published in 2017. This updated publication provides programme managers with a user-friendly tool that can: (i) analyse and draw conclusions from historic dengue datasets; (ii) identify appropriate alarm indicators that can predict forthcoming outbreaks at smaller spatial scales; and (iii) use these results and analyses to build an early warning system to detect dengue outbreaks in real time and respond accordingly. This web-based tool can ensure enhanced, fast and secured communication between national and subnational levels, and standardized utilization of surveillance data.

Technical handbook for dengue surveillance, dengue outbreak prediction/detection and outbreak response (“model contingency plan”)

World Health Organization WHO; TDR Program, (2017)

The aim of this “model contingency plan” is to assist programme managers and planners in devel-oping a national, context-specific, dengue outbreak response plan in order to: (a) detect a dengue outbreak at an early stage through clearly defined and validated alarm signals; (b) precisely define when a dengue outbreak has started; and (c) organize an early response to the alarm signals or an “emergency response” once an outbreak has started.

WHO toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus

World Health Organization WHO, (2017)

The WHO Toolkit for the care and support of people affected by complications associated with Zika virus has been developed to serve as a model guide, with the goal of enhancing country preparedness for Zika virus outbreaks. The toolkit is intended to provide a systems approach involving public health planners and managers so that the necessary infrastructure and resources can be identified and incorporated as needed, as well as technical and practical guidance for health care professionals and community workers. The toolkit includes three manuals to provide countries with tools to effectively recognize people affected by Zika virus and deliver comprehensive care and support: Manual for public health planners and managers Manual for health care professionals Manual for community workers

Global Strategy for dengue prevention and control, 2012–2020

R. Velayudhan, Eds.: World Health Organization WHO, (2012)

During the past five decades, the incidence of dengue has increased 30-fold. Some 50–100 million new infections are estimated to occur annually in more than 100 endemic countries, with a documented further spread to previously unaffected areas; every year hundreds of thousands of severe cases arise, including 20 000 deaths; 264 disability-adjusted life years per million population per year are lost , at an estimated cost for ambulatory and hospitalized cases of US$ 514–1394, often affecting very poor populations. The true numbers are probably far worse, since severe underreporting and misclassification of dengue cases have been documented.

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