The report is geared towards mayors, local government officials and city policy planners.It highlights key areas where city leaders can tackle the drivers of NCDs, including tobacco use, air pollution, poor diets and lack of exercise, and improve road safety.
From anti-tobacco actions in Beijing and Bogor, to road safety initiatives in Accra and Bangkok, a bike sharing scheme in Fortaleza, and actions to create walkable streets for seniors that have reduced elderly pedestrian deaths by 16% in New York City, the report aims to share knowledge between urban policy planners.
Of the 19 case studies cited, 15 are from developing countries, where 85% of premature adult deaths through NCDs take place, and over 90% of road traffic fatalities are recorded. You can download the case studieson the website https://www.who.int/ncds/publications/tackling-ncds-in-cities/en/.
Over 90% of future urban population growth will be in low or middle-income countries, and seven of the world’s 10 largest cities are in developing countries.
In 2017 Hurricane Maria devastated the Caribbean island of Puerto Rico. “After Maria” is based on a one-year ethnographic research project about how 16 low-income Puerto Rican families were affected by, and recovered from the impacts of Maria. Dr. Gemma Sou visited Puerto Rico five times during the first year after Maria, to chat candidly about how the families were recovering. Although this graphic novella tells the story of a fictional family, “After Maria” is based on the experiences that tie together all of the Puerto Rican families that I spoke to.
Climate Change and Hunger
The latest data available show that while we have made progress in reducing hunger on a global scale since 2000, we still have a long way to go. Of the 117 countries with GHI scores, levels of hunger are still serious or alarming in 47 countries and extremely alarming in one country. This year’s report focuses on climate change—an increasingly relevant threat to the world’s hungry and vulnerable people that requires immediate action
This year focus: The challenge of hunger and climate change
43 countries out of 117 countries have levels of hunger that remain serious
4 countries Chad, Madagascar, Yemen, and Zambia suffer from hunger levels that are alarming and 1 country Central African Republic from a level that is extremely alarming
High-income countries are not included in the GHI but still show variable, non-negligible rates of food insecurity. The Food Insecurity Experience Scale—another measure of hunger not used in or directly comparable to the GHI—shows that in the European Union, 18 percent of households with children under age 15 experience moderate or severe food insecurity.
Compared to the previous five-year assessment period 2011–2015, the current five-year period 2015–2019 has seen a continued increase in carbon dioxide (CO2 ) emissions and an accelerated increase in the atmospheric concentration of major greenhouse gases (GHGs), with growth rates nearly 20% higher. The increase in the oceanic CO2 concentration has increased the ocean’s acidity.
The five-year period 2015–20191 is likely to be the warmest of any equivalent period on record globally, with a 1.1 °C global temperature increase since the pre-industrial period and a 0.2 °C increase compared to the previous five-year period.
This website from the Planetary Health Alliance compiles information on who's doing what in planetary health education, general resources and thematic areas.
Accessed 4 October 2019
Das Unterrichtsmaterial ermöglicht in verschiedenen Modulen die Erforschung der Globalgeschichte von ausgewählten Pflanzen. Es beleuchtet marginalisierte Perspektiven und Geschichten und thematisiert die Entstehung aktueller problematischer und ungerechter Verhältnisse, wie Landraub oder Plantagenbewirtschaftung. Auch die individuellen Betroffenheiten und Handlungsmöglichkeiten hin zu gerechter Ernährung und Dekolonisierung privat, in der Schule, in der Ausbildung, im (zukünftigen) Beruf und auf weiteren gesellschaftlichen Ebenen können mit den Unterrichtsmodulen thematisiert und diskutiert werden.
What at first glance appears to be simple causality – climate change leading to more and more migration – has triggered intense academic debate over the past ten years because the circumstances are complex. There is need for a thorough analysis in the ground between denying the problem and asserting immediate causality. In international relations, migration induced by climate change and environmental degradation is increasingly recognized as a problem, whether in the framework of international climate policy, international migration policy, development cooperation, or international crisis management. But considering the dimension of these major challenges, only small steps have been taken so far. The scope of the problem continues to be underestimated. Climate change is jeopardizing the livelihoods of more and more people. It is a risk multiplier. Although understanding of the connection between climate change and migration has increased, many questions have yet to be answered. We need more knowledge to better support the people affected.
Der Klimawandel verschärft die Treiber für Migration und Flucht
Zu den ohnehin bestehenden Gründen, die Menschen zum Verlassen ihrer Heimat zwingen, kommt der Klimawandel verschärfend hinzu. Schätzungen zur Rolle des Klimawandels sind wegen der Komplexität des Zusammenspiels verschiedener Migrations- oder Fluchtursachen äußerst schwierig. Die Vorhersagen über das mögliche Ausmaß von Migration infolge des Klimawandels gehen daher weit auseinander – bis zum Jahr 2050 könnten zwischen 25 und 700 Millionen Menschen davon betroffen sein (micle 2012).