Sort by:

select Language:



Mise en place de programmes d’évaluation externe de la qualité appliqués au dépistage des infections transmissibles par transfusion dans les dons de sang : guide pratique

Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), (2016)


L’évaluation externe de la qualité (EEQ) est une composante importante des systèmes qualité des services de transfusion sanguine. L’EEQ est l’évaluation externe de la qualité générale des résultats obtenus par un laboratoire dans l’analyse d’échantillons de contrôle dont le contenu est connu, mais n’a pas été dévoilé, et la comparaison de ces résultats avec ceux qu’ont obtenus d’autres laboratoires qui ont analysé les mêmes échantillons. Dans les laboratoires qui pratiquent le dépistage des infections transmissibles par transfusion (ITT) dans les dons de sang, la participation à l’EEQ aide à surveiller et améliorer la qualité des résultats. Les informations issues de l’EEQ permettent d’améliorer continuellement la qualité en mettant en évidence les erreurs d’un laboratoire et d’appliquer des mesures pour éviter qu’elles se reproduisent. L’EEQ joue ainsi un rôle essentiel dans l’amélioration de la sécurité transfusionnelle.
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/25...


Dépistage des infections transmissibles par transfusion dans les dons de sang: recommandations

Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), (2010)


La fourniture de sang et de produits sanguins sûrs et efficaces pour la transfusion ou la fabrication d’autres produits sanguins fait intervenir un certain nombre de processus, allant de la sélection des donneurs de sang et de la collecte, au traitement et au dépistage des dons de sang ainsi qu’à l’analyse des échantillons des malades, à la délivrance de sang compatible et à son administration au patient. Il existe un risque d’erreur à chaque étape de la « chaîne de transfusion », et une défaillance à une quelconque de ces étapes peut avoir des conséquences graves pour les receveurs du sang ou des produits sanguins. Si la transfusion sanguine peut sauver des vies, elle comporte aussi des risques, en particulier la transmission des infections par le sang.
Le dépistage des infections transmissibles par transfusion (ITT) en vue d’exclure les dons de sang présentant un risque de transmettre une infection du donneur aux receveurs est une étape critique du processus visant à garantir au mieux la sécurité des transfusions. Un dépistage efficace des agents transmissibles par le sang les plus courants et les plus dangereux peut réduire le risque de transmission à des niveaux très faibles.
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/11...


Screening donated blood for transfusion-transmissible infections: recommendations

World Health Organization (WHO), (2009)


The provision of safe and efficacious blood and blood components for transfusion or manufacturing use involves a number of processes, from the selection of blood donors and the collection, processing and testing of blood donations to the testing of patient samples, the issue of compatible blood and its administration to the patient. There is a risk of error in each process in this “transfusion chain” and a failure at any of these stages can have serious implications for the recipients of blood and blood products. Thus, while blood transfusion can be life-saving, there are associated risks, particularly the transmission of bloodborne infections.
Screening for transfusion-transmissible infections (TTIs) to exclude blood donations at risk of transmitting infection from donors to recipients is a critical part of the process of ensuring that transfusion is as safe as possible. Effective screening for evidence of the presence of the most common and dangerous TTIs can reduce the risk of transmission to very low levels.
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/44...


Guidelines for the production, control and regulation of snake antivenom immunoglobulins

[World Health Organization (WHO)], (2017)


Replacement of Annex 2 of WHO Technical Report Series, No. 964

http://www.who.int/bloodproducts/AntivenomGLrevWHO...


Medicinal Plants in Mongolia

World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for the Western Pacific, (2013)


This volume introduces Mongolian traditional medicine and details the nature and uses of medicinal plants found in the country.
The book focuses on the medicinal plants used most commonly in Mongolia. Each monograph contains colour pictures of the plant and a wide array of information—from the scientific and English names of plants to their microscopic characteristics. While helping record and document traditional medicine practices, the book contributes to the understanding of the value of medicinal plants in Mongolia and increases the evidence base for the safe and efficacious use of herbs in health care.
http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s21362e...


Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea

World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for the Western Pacific, (2009)


Traditional medicine, including the knowledge, skills and practices of holistic health care, exists in all cultures. It is based on indigenous theories, beliefs and experiences and is widely accepted for its role in health maintenance and the treatment of disease.Medicinal plants are the main ingredients of local medicines, but rapid urbanization is leading to the loss of many important plants and knowledge of their use. To help preserve this knowledge and recognize the importance of medicinal plants to health care systems, the WHO Regional Office for the Western Pacific has published a series of books on Medicinal Plants in China, the Republic of Korea, Viet Nam and the South Pacific. Medicinal Plants in Papua New Guinea is the fifth in this series. This book covers only a small proportion of the immense knowledge on traditional medicine, the plant species from which they are derived, the diseases they can treat and the parts of the plants to be used. The diverse cultures, languages and traditional practices of Papua New Guinea made this a particularly challenging project. But we believe the information and accompanying references can provide useful information for scientists, doctors and other users.
http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/documents/s21363e...


Medicinal plants of Myanmar

Ministry of Health, Department of Traditional Medicine, (2004)



http://www.dtm.gov.mm/dtm/sites/default/files/Medi...


WHO guidelines on good agricultural and collection practices (GACP) for medicinal plants

World Health Organization (WHO), (2003)


The main objectives of these guidelines are to:
1. contribute to the quality assurance of medicinal plant materials used as the source for herbal medicines to improve the quality, safety and efficacy of finished herbal products;
2. guide the formulation of national and/or regional GACP guidelines and GACP monographs for medicinal plants and related standard operating procedures; and
3. encourage and support the sustainable cultivation and collection of medicinal plants of good quality in ways that respect and support the conservation of medicinal plants and the environment in general.
These guidelines concern the cultivation and collection of medicinal plants and include certain post-harvest operations.
http://apps.who.int/medicinedocs/pdf/s4928e/s4928e...


Medicinal plants in the South Pacific

World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for the Western Pacific, (1998)


Information on 102 commonly used medicinal plants in the South Pacific
WHO regional publications. Western Pacific series ; no.19

Plants from this part of the world represent an especially diverse flora and include several species currently undergoing scientific investigation. Common traditional uses include the treatment of minor injuries, childhood ailments, and complications of pregnancy. Plants described in the book are also used as emetics and as ointments and dressings applied to surface wounds or used to treat skin problems.
Addressed to ethnobotanists, phytochemists, and pharmacologists, the book aims to document traditional clinical uses and bring these to the attention of the international scientific community, while also preserving knowledge about the distinctive indigenous practices in these island communities. Full-colour photographs are included to facilitate identification of plants and plant parts used for medicinal purposes. Each plant is described according to a common format, which includes information on scientific name, local names, English name, a description of the plant and its habitat and distribution, and a summary of what is known about its chemical constituents, biological activity, and traditional uses.
Large File to download: 70 MB!
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/20...


409 hits