The WHO Guidelines on risk reduction of cognitive decline and dementia provide evidence-based recommendations on lifestyle behaviours and interventions to delay or prevent cognitive decline and dementia. These WHO Guidelines are an important tool for health care providers as well as governments, policy-makers and other stakeholders to strengthen their response to the dementia challenge. Available in various languages at: https://www.who.int/mental_health/neurology/dementia/guidelines_risk_reduction/en/
The key updates include: content update in various sections based on new evidence; design changes for enhanced usability; a streamlined and simplified clinical assessment that includes an algorithm for follow-up; inclusion of two new modules
- Essential Care and Practice that includes general guidelines and Iminterventions and implementation module to support the proposed interventions by necessary infrastructure and resources; and, revised modules for Psychoses, Child and Adolescent Mental and Behavioural Disorders and Disorders due to Substance Use
DEM supporting material
• Person stories
• Role plays
• Case scenarios
• Treatment planning handouts
• Treatment planning suggestions
• Multiple choice questions
• Video link
Activity 3: mhGAP DEM module – assessment
•Introduction to dementia
•Assessment of dementia
•Management of dementia
•Introduction to epilepsy.
•Assessment of epilepsy.
•Management of epilepsy.
•Follow-up of a person with epilepsy.
•Review or materials and skills.
•Introduction to psychoses.
•Assessment of psychoses.
•Management of psychoses.
The global burden of disease due to mental disorders continues to rise, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). In addition to causing a large proportion of morbidity, mental disorders – especially severe mental disorders (SMD) – are linked with poorer health outcomes and increased mortality. SMD are defined as a group of conditions that include moderate to severe depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. People with SMD have a two to three times higher average mortality compared to the general population, which translates to a 10-20 year reduction in life expectancy. While people with SMD do have higher rates of death due to unnatural causes (accidents, homicide, or suicide) than the general population, the
majority of deaths amongst people with SMD are attributable to physical health conditions, both
non-communicable and communicable.
SIGN 143. A national clinical guideline
Published May 2015, Revised 2018