The Joint Response Plan sets out a comprehensive programme shaped around three strategic objectives – deliver
protection, provide life-saving assistance and foster social cohesion. The Plan covers all humanitarian sectors and
addresses key cross-cutting issues, including protection and gender mainstreaming. The Plan will also strengthen
emergency preparedness and response for weather-related risks and natural disasters, with a focus on community
Critical services continued during the election period. The Oral Cholera Vaccination campaign was
completed on 13 December 2018 after vaccinating over 356,000 refugees and Bangladeshis. Camps
in Charge officals in Camps 3 and 4, supported by Protection Working Group, held a ‘Victory Cup’
football match for refugee teams and thousands of spectators. Educational data was collected to allow
grouping of students into appropriate learning levels. WASH Sector surveyed canals and lakes for
opportunities to bolster water access. Congestion continues to heighten a range of risks to refugee
The number of varicella cases reported this week in 1 358. WHO and the health sector are working in collaboration with Education sector and Risk communication to contain the disease.
A total of 2.2 million doses were administered in 2018 through two Penta/Td, bOPV campaigns and two OCV campaigns
Over 244,000 displaced people remain in camps or camp-like situations in Kachin, Shan, Rakhine
and Kayin states. Children make up at least 50 per cent of this population, while women and„Myanmar: 2019 Humanitarian Needs Overview - Myanmar“. ReliefWeb. Zugegriffen 4. Januar 2019. https://reliefweb.int/report/myanmar/myanmar-2019-humanitarian-needs-overview.
children together make up about 77 per cent. This includes approximately 97,000 people in
Kachin, 8,800 in Shan and 10,300 in Kayin who remain displaced as a result of the armed conflict.
It also includes about 128,000 people in Rakhine, the vast majority of whom are stateless, who
were displaced as a result of the violence in 2012.
UNHCR and nutrition sector partners completed the third nutrition survey in selected areas of Kutupalong and Nayapara refugee settlements. The survey revealed that Global Acute Malnutrition (GAM) among refugee children has reduced from 12.1% to 11.0% in the Kutapalong areas surveyed, and from 13.6% to 12.1% in the Nayapara survey areas. The current prevalence of anemia is of high concern, especially among children.
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The returns process is not voluntary and jeopardises refugees’ safety as conditions in Myanmar’s Rakhine state are not conducive to their return. The move renews the risk of violent unrest in Bangladesh where the refugees are housed as well in Myanmar’s Rakhine state
Researchers focused on mental health of conflict-affected children are increasingly interested in the concept of resilience. Knowledge on resilience may assist in developing interventions aimed at improving positive outcomes or reducing negative outcomes, termed promotive or protective interventions.
Myanmar’s transition to a market‐based economy is accompanied by rapid development of the private manufacturing sector, which has large potential for improving economic growth. The overall success of the sector, however, should not be taken for granted. Future advances will greatly depend on the policy and business environment in which manufacturing activities take place. It is, therefore, important to better understand the business environment and help inform policies conducive to sustainable economic growth.