This paper summarizes the findings for the Latin American and Caribbean countries of the WPA Task Force on Steps, Obstacles and Mistakes to Avoid in the Implementation of Community Mental Health Care. It presents an overview of the provision of mental health services in the region; describes key experiences in Argentina, Belize, Brazil, Chile, Cuba, Jamaica and Mexico; and discusses the lessons learned in developing community mental health care.
The purpose of this guide is to provide basic information for Federal disaster responders and other service providers who may be deployed or otherwise assigned to provide or coordinate services in American Indian/Alaska Native (AI/AN) communities.
This guide is intended to serve as a general briefing to enhance cultural competence while providing services to AI/AN communities. (Cultural competence is defined as the ability to function effectively in the context of cultural differences.) A more specific orientation or training should be provided by a member of the particular AI/AN community
In the last quarter century, several projects emerged to reform mental health services in Latin American and Caribbean countries. Some did not survive the difficulties that inevitably arise in processes of change, and ended up disappearing before the intended changes could be introduced. Others, however, as shown in this publication, were able to overcome difficulties and meet intended objectives, effectively transforming the structure and quality of services. All these projects, including the many that did not survive, were part of one of the richest experiences in the transformation of mental health care worldwide - the experience of mental health reform in Latin America and the Caribbean
New assessment guidelines for measuring the overall impact of mental health problems in Latin America have served as a catalyst for countries to review their mental health policies. Latin American countries have taken various steps to address long-standing problems such as structural difficulties, scarce financial and human resources, and social, political, and cultural obstacles in the implementation of mental health policies and legislation. These policy developments, however, have had uneven results. Policies must reflect the desire, determination, and commitment of policy-makers to take mental health seriously and look after people’s mental health needs. This paper describes the development of mental health policies in Latin American countries, focusing on published data in peer-reviewed journals, and legislative change and its implementation. It presents a brief history of mental health policy developments, and analyzes the basis and practicalities of current practice.
BJPSYCH INTERNATIONALVOLUME 12NUMBER 4NOVEMBER 2015
The Member States of the Pan American Health Organization/World Health Organization (PAHO/WHO)
that appear in the tables below have used the assessment instrument for mental health systems (WHOAIMS)
(1), as have Anguilla, the British Virgin Islands, Montserrat, and Turks and Caicos, all British
Overseas Territories. For the purpose of this report, the countries and territories were grouped into three subregions, as follows:
Central America, Mexico, and the Latin Caribbean, the non-Latin Caribbean, and South America. The tables
also indicate the year each national WHO-AIMS report was published.
El documento La carga de los trastornos mentales en la Región de las Américas, 2018 tiene como propósito mejorar la evaluación de las necesidades en materia de salud mental en la Región de las Américas al presentar un panorama actualizado y matizado de: a) la discapacidad debida a los trastornos mentales, por consumo de sustancias y trastornos neurológicos específicos, más la autoagresión (TMNS), tanto sola como en combinación con la mortalidad prematura; b) el desequilibrio entre el gasto en salud mental y la carga de enfermedad relacionada; y c) la asignación inadecuada de los exiguos gastos en salud mental por parte de los países de la Región
This report aims to improve the assessment of mental health needs in the Americas by providing an updated and nuanced picture of: (a) the disability resulting from mental, substance use, and specific neurological disorders, plus self-harm, alone and in combination with premature mortality; (b) the imbalance between mental health spending and its related disease burden; and (c) the inadequate allocation of the meager mental health spending by countries of the Region
Trastornos de Ansiedad
Personas que sufren trastornos de ansiedad se sienten extremada mente atemorizadas e inseguras. De vez en cuando, la mayoría de las personas sienten ansiedad por algo por un corto tiempo, pero quienes padecen trastornos de ansiedad se sienten así la mayor parte del tiempo. Sus miedos y preocupaciones les dificultan sus actividades diarias.
apoyar la incidencia al más alto nivel y el desarrollo de
capacidades de reducción del riesgo de desastre (RRD) y
resiliencia centrada en los niños, niñas, adolescentes y
jóvenes, desde una perspectiva holística, multi-sectorial
integrada y sistemática.