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Hand Hygiene in Healthcare Facilities

Global Handwashing Partnership, (2017)

Fact sheet
Good hygiene is critical to ensure that healthcare staff provide quality care, reduce the spread of infections, and protect the health of communities. This fact sheet explores the healthcare-related risks of poor hygiene and the critical elements of hand hygiene needed to improve quality of care and reduce negative outcomes of poor compliance (e.g., healthcare-associated infections and antimicrobial resistance) in healthcare facilities, and provides recommendations and additional readings for improving hygiene in health settings and achieving a safe, clean healthcare environment.

Using Nudges to Encourage Handwashing with Soap 

Global Handwashing Partnership, (2017)

For handwashing to be effective, it needs to be practiced consistently and thoroughly. Even when people have access to soap and water, and know how and why to wash their hands, many still do not properly wash their hands consistently at critical times. The handwashing behavior change challenge is not only to encourage people to wash their hands with soap, but to do so correctly and at all critical times.
Nudges are one example of a behavior change tool that can encourage people to wash their hands.
Although the evidence base for nudges is still emerging and nudges for handwashing have been tested primarily in single contexts or on a limited scale, this brief and infographic answer some frequently asked questions about nudges and provides examples of how they have been used in efforts to increase handwashing.

Hand washing for health care workers

Department of Health, Province of Kwazulu-Natal, (2015)

Accessed 14 July 2015

Hand hygiene in health care in the context of Filovirus disease outbreak response. Rapid advice guideline

World Health Organization, (2014)

This document provides a summary of the recommendations for hand hygiene best practices to be performed by health workers providing care and/or support to patients with filovirus infection (Ebola and Marburg viruses).

WHO Guidelines on Hand Hygiene in Health Care

WHO, (2009)

First Global Patient Safety Challenge Clean Care is Safer Care

Infection Prevention and Control

Dramowski, A., Eds.: Dave Woods and S. Mehtar; Bettercare, (2014)

A guide for health professionals in low-resource settings, Infection Prevention and Control is a must-have manual for nurses, doctors, and health administrators, and especially those in resource-limited settings

Local production of WHO-recommended alcohol-based handrubs: feasibility, advantages, barriers and costs

Joanna Bauer-Savage, Didier Pittet, EunMi Kim & Benedetta Allegranzi, (2013)

Lessons from the field. Bull World Health Organ 2013;91:963–969 | doi:

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