Too few physicians are equipped with the knowledge and skills needed to repair genital fistulae and care for patients following surgery. Most procedures are performed in Africa and Asia by local physicians, with technical support from surgeons from developed countries where these fistulae are rarely seen. It would take many years for all the physicians presently able to treat genital fistulae to operate on all the women who need their expertise today, and the number of women who need their expertise increases daily. Although the need for physicians trained in fistula repair has long been recognised, no standard training manual has existed so far. This manual was designed to help meet this need. This manual was produced with the collaboration of fistula surgeons, professional organizations and specialist health organisations from all over Africa, Asia, Europe and the USA.