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Ambition and Action in Nutrition 2016-2025

World Health Organization (WHO), (2017)

WHO’s Ambition and Action in Nutrition 2016-2025 is anchored in the six global targets for improving maternal, infant and young child nutrition and the global diet-related NCD targets.
In support of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, particularly SDG2 and SDG3, and in concert with the 2016-2025 UN Decade of Action on Nutrition, WHO’s Ambition and Action in Nutrition 2016-2025 aims for “A world free from all forms of malnutrition where all people achieve health and well-being”. It defines the unique value of WHO for advancing nutrition: the provision of leadership, guidance and monitoring and proposes a theory of change. Finally, following a set of guiding principles, it proposes priority actions for WHO, the delivery model and a clear allocation of roles across the Organization.

A practice guide to effective population-based food policy actions to promote healthy diets

World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for South-East Asia, (2017)

This publication provides directions for a logical, evidence informed approach to selecting, developing, implementing and monitoring population-based interventions within the context of the double-burden of malnutrition in South-East Asia. The focus of this guide is on processed or ultra-processed pre-packaged foods.

Codex Standards in the WHO South-East Asia Region

World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for South-East-Asia, (2018)

Food related outbreaks in the increasingly complex global food chain could involve multiple countries across continents since sourcing of raw materials and manufacturing processes transcend national boundaries. Codex standards, guidelines and recommendations are the benchmarks for national health and safety requirements for food. Codex standards are recognized in the Agreement on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures of the World Trade Organization. The standards, guidelines and recommendations adopted by the Codex Alimentarius Commission represent the international consensus regarding health and safety requirements for food, which are critical for public health and well-being. The report provides information on the standards for food safety in the food trade relating to existing Codex texts in Member States of the WHO South-East Asia Region.

Tracking aid for the WHA nutrition targets: Global spending in 2015 and a roadmap to better data

Alimonte, Mary D'; Thacher, Emily; LeMier, Ryan; Clift, Jack, Eds.: Results for Development (R4D), (2018)

In 2017, the World Bank and partners created the Global Investment Framework for Nutrition as a roadmap towards achieving the World Health Assembly (WHA) nutrition targets by 2025. The framework estimates that the world needs to mobilize an annual additional investment of $7 billion per year to scale-up nutrition-specific interventions at the level needed to achieve the global targets. However, the world is off-track to meet the global targets. And it is unclear whether additional resources will be mobilized for life-saving and cost-effective nutrition-specific interventions, or whether donor support will be enough to meet the annual resource need established by the framework.

Sodium intake and iodized salt in the South-East Asia Region

World Health Organization (WHO), Regional Office for South-East Asia, (2015)

Report of a regional workshop, New Delhi, India, 29–30 September 2014
To reduce the burden of cardiovascular disease and its subsequent problems, the WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia organized a regional workshop on sodium intake and iodized salt for Member States in the South-East Asia Region. The general objective of the workshop was to strengthen an integrated approach for sodium reduction and salt iodization programmes in the Member States of the Region. The specific objectives included reviewing the current sodium reduction and salt iodization strategies in the Member States of South-East Asia, provide training to the participants in standardized approaches for dietary estimation of salt/sodium and urinary iodine estimation.

Households in southern and central Malawi will face food and livelihoods deficits

Famine Early Warning Systems Network (FEWS Net), (2018)

MALAWI Food Security Outlook JUNE 2018 to JANUARY 2019
As the postharvest period continues, very poor and poor households in districts in the southern and central region will face Stressed (IPC Phase 2) outcomes from June to September. Most of these districts will transition to Crisis (IPC Phase 3) during the lean season from October to January, when food prices are at their highest and local cereal supplies are at their lowest. Drivers of the projected area outcomes include below-average access to income from casual labor opportunities and crop sales because of dryness and erratic rains during the 2017/18 cropping season, and above-average maize prices from November to January.

Brighter futures: Protecting early brain development through salt iodization

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), Global Alliance for Improved Nutrition (GAIN), (2018)

The UNICEF-GAIN Partnership Project
The report notes that iodine deficiency is a leading cause of preventable brain damage worldwide. Insufficient iodine during pregnancy and infancy results in neurological and psychological deficits, reducing a child’s IQ by 8 to 10 points. This translates into major losses in the cognitive capital of entire nations and thus their socio-economic development.
The report outlines urgent steps to reduce the risk of mental impairment to babies’ growing brains:
• Integrate salt iodization into national plans to support children’s nutrition and brain development in early childhood;
• Align salt iodization and salt reduction agendas; • Establish surveillance systems to identify unreached populations;
• Strengthen regulatory systems to enforce existing legislation on salt iodization;
• Recognize the growing importance of fortified foods as potential sources of iodized salt.

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