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NEW World Health Organization model list of essential medicines for children: 7th list

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)


WHO’s Essential Medicines List and List of Essential Diagnostics are core guidance documents that help countries prioritize critical health products that should be widely available and affordable throughout health systems. The updated Essential Medicines List adds 23 medicines for children.
https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/3...


NEW World Health Organization Model List of Essential Medicines 21st List

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)


Cancer treatments: While several new cancer treatments have been marketed in recent years, only a few deliver sufficient therapeutic benefits to be considered essential. The 12 medicines WHO added to the new Medicines List for five cancer therapies are regarded as the best in terms of survival rates to treat melanoma, lung, prostate, multiple myeloma and leukemias cancers. For example, two recently developed immunotherapies (nivolumab and pembrolizumab) have delivered up to 50% survival rates for advanced melanoma, a cancer that until recently was incurable. Antibiotics: The Essential Medicines Committee strengthened advice on antibiotic use by updating the AWARE categories, which indicate which antibiotics to use for the most common and serious infections to achieve better treatment outcomes and reduce the risk of antimicrobial resistance. The committee recommended that three new antibiotics for the treatment of multi-drug resistant infections be added as essential. Other updates to the medicines list include: New oral anticoagulants to prevent stroke as an alternative to warfarin for atrial fibrillation and treatment of deep vein thrombosis. These are particularly advantageous for low-income countries as, unlike warfarin, they do not require regular monitoring; Biologics and their respective biosimilars for chronic inflammatory conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis and inflammatory bowel diseases; Heat-stable carbetocin for the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage. This new formulation has similar effects to oxytocin, the current standard therapy, but offers advantages for tropical countries as it does not require refrigeration
https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/3...


NEW Second WHO Model List of Essential In Vitro Diagnostics

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)


The updated List of Essential Diagnostics contains 46 general tests that can be used for routine patient care as well as for the detection and diagnosis of a wide array of disease conditions, and 69 tests intended for the detection, diagnosis and monitoring of specific diseases. The List is divided into two sections depending on the user and setting: one for community settings, which includes self-testing; and a second one for clinical laboratories, which can be general and specialized facilities.
https://www.who.int/medical_devices/publications/S...


NEW Executive summary: the selection and use of essential medicines 2019

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)


Report of the 22nd WHO Expert Committee on the selection and use of essential medicines: WHO Headquarters, Geneva, 1-5 April 2019
https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/3...


WHO Model List of Essential Medicines. Several Languages

Wikipedia, (2019)


All WHO essential medicines are covered in Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WHO_Model_List_of_Essential_Medicines, and items are translated in several languages. Increasing the amount, quality and languages of information on essential medicines through multiple sources- Wikipedia, formularies, guidelines- will help promoting the use of essential medicines across communities Accessed July 1 ,2019
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/WHO_Model_List_of_Es...


UPDATING NATIONAL ESSENTIAL MEDICINE LISTS: A STEP-BY-STEP ADVOCACY GUIDE

Eds.: Management Sciences for Health (MSH), (2016)


This guide provides national stakeholders and advocates with information and guidance to update the national essential medicines list to include a new commodity, a new indication, or a new formulation based on the available evidence and based on country need and disease burden. While the actors, timeline, and process may vary from country to country, this guide presents the broad steps involved in revising an EML for any health commodity. Additional resources and a glossary are included to provide supplemental information and to clarify key terms.
https://www.msh.org/resources/updating-national-es...


Selection and Use of Essential Medicines

World Health Organization WHO, (2017)


The Expert Committee considered 92 applications, including proposals to add 41 new medicines and extend the indications for six existing listed medicines, five applications to delete medicines from the lists, and a comprehensive review of the antibacterials listed in sections 6.2.1 and 6.2.2 and their use in the treatment of 21 common, priority infectious syndromes, five paediatric infectious diseases and three sexually transmitted infections. In accordance with approved procedures, the Expert Committee evaluated the scientific evidence for the comparative effectiveness, safety and cost–effectiveness of the medicines.
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/259481/1/...


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