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Key considerations: the context of North Kivu province, DRC

Social Science in Humanitarian Action: A Communication for Development Platform, (2018)

This brief focuses specifically on the Grand Nord (Great North): the Beni and Lubero territories of northern North Kivu that are the epicentre of the outbreak. Further participatory enquiry should be undertaken with the affected populations, but given ongoing transmission, conveying key considerations and immediate recommendations have been prioritised. This brief is based on a rapid review of existing published and grey literature, professional ethnographic research in DRC, personal communication with administrative and health officials and practitioners in the country, and experience of previous Ebola outbreaks.

Ebola Virus Disease: Democratic Republic of the Congo - External Situation Report 02 [14 August 2018]

World Health Organization (WHO), (2018)

Since our last situation report on 7 August 2018 14 additional confirmed EVD cases and seven deaths have been reported. As of 12 August 2018, a total of 57 EVD cases, including 41 deaths have been reported. Of the 57 cases, 30 have been laboratory confirmed and 27 remain probable. Of the 41 deaths, 14 occurred in confirmed cases. Eight healthcare workers (7 confirmed, 1 probable) have been affected, of which one has died. Six health zones in two provinces have reported confirmed and probable EVD cases, including Beni, Butembo, Oicha, Mabalako, and Musienene in North-Kivu Province, and Mandima in Ituri Province. An additional 58 suspected cases are currently pending laboratory testing to confirm or exclude EVD.
As of 11 August, a total of 990 contacts are under surveillance in Mabalako (790), Beni (141) and Mandima (59) health zones. Of these, 129 are healthcare workers in Mabalako (72) and Beni (57) health zones. On 11 August 2018, 940 (95%) contacts were successfully followed up.

ACAPS Anticipatory Briefing Note – Uganda: Anticipation of Ebola Virus Disease, 22 August 2018

Assessment Capacities Project, (2018)

As of 18 August, 91 cases of Ebola and 50 deaths (CFR 54.9%) have been reported in Ituri and Nord Kivu provinces of DRC. Conflict and insecurity in both areas are aggravating the crisis and increasing the risk the disease will spread further. Conflict is hampering humanitarian access of health workers to the local population, as well as driving displacement across the border to Uganda. Around 99,400 refugees from DRC have arrived in Uganda since January 2018, and the number of new refugees in Uganda from the two Ebola-affected provinces rose in July to 250 a day from 170 a day. The Ebola outbreak itself is also a cause for cross-border migration, as people try to leave the affected areas.

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ebola Situation Report, North Kivu, 8 August 2018

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2018)

• On 8 August 2018, the Minister of Health visited Mangina to launch the Ebola vaccination, as a core strategy for the response. The vaccination will start with front line workers and contacts in the affected areas. UNICEF leads in the communication aspect of the vaccination.
• The response coordination mechanism is operational in Beni under the leadership of the Ministry of Health.
Situation in numbers:
• 43 total reported cases (MoH, 07 August 2018)
• 16 confirmed cases (MoH, 07 August 2018)
• 36 deaths recorded (MoH, 07 August 2018)
• 966 contacts under surveillance (MoH, 07 August 2018)

Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ebola Situation Report, North Kivu, 3 August 2018

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2018)

• The Minister of Health declared an outbreak of Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) on August 1 st 2018, following the confirmation of four cases of Ebola in the Mabalako health zone of the territory of Beni, North Kivu province, Eastern DRC.
• As of August 3, 2018, a total of 49 cases have been reported across 7 health zones in two provinces, i.e. five health zones (Beni, Butembo, Oicha, Musienene and Mabalako) in North Kivu province; and two health zones (Mandima and Mambasa) in Ituri province.
• The affected territory is affected by armed conflicts and facing security challenges.

Cluster of presumptive Ebola cases in North Kivu in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)

The Government of the Democratic Republic of the Congo announced today that preliminary laboratory results indicate a cluster of cases of Ebola virus in North Kivu province. The announcement was issued little more than a week after the Ministry of Health declared the end of an outbreak in Equateur Province in the far western part of the country, some 2500 km from North Kivu.

Index de stigmatisation et de discrimination envers les personnes vivant avec le VIH au Congo: Rapport d’enquête, Décembre 2015

Réseau National des Associations des Positifs du Congo (RENAPC), (2015)

The survey was conducted in early 2015. Respondents were 347 people living with HIV in seven (7) towns/districts of five (5) departments of the Republic of the Congo.

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