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Psychological First Aid for Schools Field Operations Guide - Appendix A: Recommendations for School Staff

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN), (2014)

Is the first appendix for the Psychological First Aid Field for Schools (PFA-S) Operations Guide. This appendix provides recommendations for school staff (including principals and administrators, teachers, health-related professionals, and support staff) on providing Psychological First Aid at a school.

Acute Stress Disorder & Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children & Adolescents: A Practitioner Guide to Treatment

Phoenix Australia, (2013)

This guide provides an overview of important points to consider in the assessment and treatment of PTSD and ASD in children and adolescents. The practitioner checklist later in this document can help to guide assessment and treatment planning.

Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Adolescents

Patrick, S., Perrin, S., Tim, D., Richard, M-S., David M, C., & William, Y. , Eds.: Current Opinion in Psychiatry, (2013)

Purpose of review: We review recent evidence regarding risk factors for childhood posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and treatment outcome studies from 2010 to 2012 including dissemination studies, early intervention studies and studies involving preschool children.


Save the Children, (2013)

Children bear the brunt of conflict around the world. Syria is no exception. Children have been targeted and killed in conflict violence, used in combat, abducted, tortured and abused. They have witnessed atrocities, been displaced, lost family members, and been denied access to school. As in many conflict-driven emergency settings, Syria faces a serious shortage in humanitarian assistance. And just as in many other emergencies, the provision of support for the psychological and social well-being and recovery of children – ‘psychosocial support’ – is being overlooked. This is happening despite confirmed evidence that psychosocial support during emergencies is critical. The testimonies from Syrian children in this report further underline its absolute necessity. This report aims to provide Syrian children with a platform to make their voices heard. Their stories highlight the urgent need to address the psychosocial well-being of children affected by the Syrian civil war, and in all emergencies

PTSD Research Quarterly - Treating PTSD and Related Symptoms in Children Research Highlights


The empirical treatment literature for traumatized children has grown considerably since the first studies appeared in the 1990s. This review is not comprehensive but rather provides some highlights of the current treatment outcome literature for treating childhood trauma, focusing primarily on PTSD symptoms.

'Let pikin bisniss be all men bisniss' : survey community based psychosocial programme War Child Sierra Leone 2005-2006 : research paper

Graaff, D. de , Knocke van der Meulen, D. de, Eds.: War Child, (2007)

The community based programme aims to address the psychosocial needs of children and youth through helping to rebuild peaceful child- and youth-friendly communities through the use of cultural, creative, recreational, sportive and social activities. Within War Child, the community-based approach is relatively new and Sierra Leone was the first self-implementing War Child Programme Area (WPA) applying this approach. The programme started in 2003 in 20 communities in three severely war affected districts: Western Area, Port Loko and Bombali. At the end of 2004 a mid-term review of the pilot was carried out. In 2005 the second (2-year) cycle of programme implementation started in 20 new communities. This survey is a rapid assessment of the existing conditions in the communities (at different moments in time) in relation to the main indicators set out by WCH Sierra Leone in its logical framework for intervention.


Sorkin, J., Chaney, G., Garcia, M., Roschlau, G., Curry, T. & Biss, S., Eds.: Joanette Sorkin, MD; Geri Chaney, MS, LPC; Marge Garcia, RN; Gabriele Roschlau, LPC; Tara Curry; Shelly Biss, MSW, (2006)

This treatment guideline is intended to assist clinicians in the Behavioral Health department in treatment planning and service delivery for patients with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). It may also assist clinicians treating patients who have some of the signs and symptoms of PTSD but who do not meet the full criteria of PTSD. The treatment guideline is not intended to cover every aspect of clinical practice, but to focus specifically on the treatment models and modalities that clinicians in our outpatient treatment setting could provide. These guidelines were developed through a process of literature review and discussion amongst clinicians in the Behavioral Health department and represent a consensus recommendation for service provision for this disorder. The guideline is intended to inform both clinical and administrative practices with the explicit goals of outlining treatment that is: effective, efficient, culturally relevant and acceptable to clinicians, program managers, and patients.

State of the art : psychosocial interventions with children in war-affected areas

Kalksma-van Lith, B. , Graaff, D. de, Eds.: War Child Holland, (2005)

In the past years, War Child Holland has been developing its methodology for psychosocial assistance to children in war-affected areas, which is characterised by the application of creative means. In the light of a growing, wider recognition that programmes for war-affected communities need to include psychosocial aspects, it is time to look at the War Child methodology in relation to contemporary approaches. Of interest are both the types of interventions that have emerged as well as the evidence that has been found with regard to the effectiveness of interventions. War Child put forward a specific request for comparative study, addressing the following questions: •What are the key types of intervention for psychosocial assistance that are being applied to children in war-affected areas? •What are the results of (scientific) research into the effects of the most relevant programmes? •Which NGOs operate in this sector and what is their practical experience with specific methods? •How does the War Child methodology relate to developments in the sector; what is known about the effects of War Child’s programme and how can these be measured? How will War Child work towards the development of additional evidence? This paper aims to clarify the key issues, laid out in three chapters: 1. What are the main types of interventions? 2. What evidence of success is available? 3. What is the position and role of War Child Holland? In the final paragraph, the main conclusions and War Child’s future orientation are reviewed. The content of this paper is based on a study of literature, policies, evaluations and research documents produced by key policy makers, aid professionals, researchers and other leading experts in the sector. In addition, informal talks were held with colleagues in the humanitarian field.

Working with Children in Unstable Situations: Principles and Concepts to Guide Psychosocial Responses

United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF), (2003)

During times of natural disasters and social emergencies, individuals and communities are subjected to great strain. The effects of such disasters on individuals and families vary considerably. In the context of these disasters, children and families actively engage in the rebuilding of their lives. Such experiences have a heavy cost on people, with individuals frequently experiencing strong emotions such as grief and loss, extreme anger, vengeance, mistrust and fear. It is essential that these feelings are not ignored while homes are rebuilt and social structures re-established and livelihoods recommenced. ‘Working with Children in Unstable Situations’ will explore the impact of unstable situations on children and their families. This document is designed to provide UNICEF staff and UNICEF partner staff with principles and concepts that can assist them to respond to the psychosocial needs of children in natural disasters and social emergencies such as armed conflict and other forms of violence. It aims to introduce humanitarian workers to psychosocial principles and UNICEF’s position on these principles. It also provides a number of examples from field work of how these principles have been turned into concrete actions. These psychosocial principles and concepts inform both emergency responses and subsequent programmatic responses post-emergency. ‘Working with Children in Unstable Situations’ is not a day-to-day programming tool. Rather, it is a manual outlining UNICEF’s orientation to the psychosocial principles integral to any work with children in unstable settings. The material in ‘Working with Children in Unstable Situations’ is for humanitarian workers who want to know more about assisting children to manage their own lives in uncertain and unstable situations.

Creating a Healing Environment - Volume II: Technical Papers

John Frederick, Eds.: International Labour Organization IPEC & Trafficking in Children-South Asia (TICSA), (2002)

Psycho-Social Rehabilitation and Occupational Integration of Child Survivors of Trafficking and Other Worst Forms of Child Labour |

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