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8 Symptoms of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in Children and Teens (Web-page post)

Jolene Philo, Eds.: Friendship Circle, (2013)

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is a much more common condition in children and teens than most adults want to believe. But, the facts and figures compiled at the government’s National Child Traumatic Stress Network (NCTSN) show that a significant percentage of children have been exposed to trauma and later developed PTSD. How can parents and other adults help children and teens living with undiagnosed, untreated PTSD find the help they need? An understanding of the symptoms of PTSD is a good place to start. Some of the symptoms in children and teens are the same as those for babies and toddlers. These include hypervigilance, emotional distress when reminded of the initial trauma, fear or avoidance of places that remind them of the event, nightmares, and other sleep issues. But other symptoms are more common in children over the age of 3 and into the teen years. This article focuses on those symptoms.

10 Causes Of Post Traumatic Stress Disorder In Children (web-page post)

Jolene Philo, Eds.: Friendship Circle, (2013)

No one wants the words “post-traumatic stress disorder” and “children” to appear in the same sentence. But recent events like the Sandy Hook elementary school shooting are reminders that children as well as adults can be exposed to events that cause this debilitating but highly treatable mental illness.Previous posts in this series explained why I advocate for children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), explored 5 myths and misconceptions about PTSD in children, and defined both trauma and PTSD from a child’s point of view. This post explores some of the causes of PTSD in kids.

Children's Services PRACTICE NOTES - For North Carolina's Child Welfare Workers

North Carolina Division of Social Services and the Family and Children’s Resource Program, (2005)

Volume 10, Number 3 June 2005 - IN THIS ISSUE: POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER - Children’s Services Practice Notes is a publication for child welfare workers produced four times a year by the North Carolina Division of Social Services and the Family and Children’s Resource Program, part of the Jordan Institute for Families and the School of Social Work at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. In summarizing recent research, we try to give you new ideas for refining your practice. However, this publication is not intended to replace child welfare training, regular supervision, or peer consultation—only to enhance them.

El sistema de realidad virtual EMMA-Child para el tratamiento del trauma infantil: experiencias iniciales

Mavi Alcántara, Maravillas Castro, Antonia Martínez, Visitación Fernández, & Concepción López-Soler, Eds.: Revista de Psicología Clínica con Niños y Adolescentes (RPCNA), (2017)

El maltrato infantil ha pasado a considerarse en la última década un problema de salud pública. Numerosos trabajos que analizan los efectos directos en la salud mental infantil informan de una alta prevalencia en alteraciones internalizantes, externalizantes y en trastorno por estrés postraumático (TEPT). La Terapia Cognitivo Conductual-Focalizada en el Trauma ha sido la única que ha recibido la mención de tratamiento eficaz bien establecido en población infanto-juvenil. La técnica de exposición prolongada se considera de elección para el tratamiento del TEPT, si bien numerosos pacientes presentan dificultades para llevarla a cabo. La realidad virtual se ha convertido en una alternativa que facilita la técnica de exposición. Recientemente se han publicado diversas revisiones sistemáticas que avalan la eficacia de la Terapia de Exposición en Realidad Virtual (Virtual Reality exposure-based therapy, VR-EBT) para el tratamiento del TEPT en población adulta. Sin embargo, no existen estudios sobre esta terapia en población infanto-juvenil. El sistema de realidad virtual conocido como “El mundo de EMMA” se había empleado en población adulta, en base a lo cual, el equipo de investigación GUIIA-PC llevó a cabo la primera adaptación en 2008 de este sistema denominado “EMMA-Child” en población infantil que había sufrido maltrato intrafamiliar crónico. El presente trabajo tiene como finalidad presentar las primeras experiencias en la aplicación de EMMA-Child en 8 menores, destacando las ventajas frente al tratamiento tradicional así como las puntuaciones antes y después del tratamiento en sintomatología de ansiedad, depresión, ira y hostilidad, adaptación, y estrés postraumático.

Traumatische Erlebnisse bei Kindern: Diagnostik und Psychoedukation

Regula Buchli; Carmen de Witt-Amrein; Fabienne Heiniger, Eds.: Erziehungsdirektion Kanton Bern, Amt für Kindergarten, Volksschule und Beratung (AKVB), (2017)

Die aktuelle weltpolitische Lage führt dazu, dass immer mehr potentiell traumatisierte Kinder der Unterstützung von Fachleuten – auch in der psychologischen Grundversorgung - bedürfen. Traumata können bei Kindern aber auch durch Hospitalisationen und damit verbundene medizinische Eingriffe, Unfälle o.ä. ausgelöst werden, wie im Folgenden beschrieben wird. Die Diagnose von Traumafolgestörungen bei Kindern ist durch die Tatsache erschwert, dass sie eine Reihe unspezifischer und altersabhängiger Symptome zeigen, die auch bei anderen Störungen auftreten, was unter Umständen zu Fehldiagnosen (ADHS) führen kann. Aus diesem Grund hat die vorliegende Arbeit zum Ziel, Fachpersonen eine Zusammenstellung grundlegender Informationen zur Entstehung und Diagnostik von Traumafolgestörungen sowie einen Überblick über gängige Diagnoseinstrumente zur Verfügung zu stellen.

Use of Art Therapy in Treating Children With PTSD

Kelly Puent, Eds.: Winona State University, (2016)

A Capstone Project submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the Master of Science Degree in Counselor Education at Winona State University | This article reviews the use of Art Therapy to treat children who suffer from Posttraumatic Stress Disorder. It explores the clinical need for addressing trauma, including PTSD, and then reviews the effects of trauma on the brain, and how Art Therapy affects the brain. It also identifies mental health characteristics and needs for children diagnosed with PTSD. A historical background on Art Therapy is given. Art Therapy techniques are defined and described, and in the final section of the review, the use of art therapy is discussed specifically as it pertains to the treatment of children suffering from PTSD. This paper concludes that there are multiple reasons to strongly consider the use of Art Therapy when working with children whom have experienced trauma, but also acknowledges that there are some limitations in using art therapy as a diagnostic framework. Art Therapy paired with other therapies such as family and play therapies suggests some promise and consideration for future research topics.

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