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Children under Siege: Pre-adolescence, PTSD, and Violent Conditions

Elisabeth Pitts, Eds.: Duke University, (2013)

DIAGNOSING PTSD IN CHILDHOOD | The following literature review addresses the developmental and domain-specific consequences of previous and current diagnostic criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in pre-adolescent children. PTSD was introduced in 1980 to capture extreme responses following a traumatic event. I analyze the evolution of the disorder’s diagnostic criteria toward a more developmentally conscious structure. I also examine instances in which these criteria lack developmental consistency: (1) preschool PTSD is the only diagnostic subtype despite the fact that childhood development also differentiates traumatic expressions in older children from adolescents and adults; and (2) many of the PTSD epidemiological data that have been reanalyzed under the most recent (DSM-5) typology only refer to adolescent and adult samples although many researchers have demonstrated that developmental alterations to DSM-IV and DSM-IV-TR criteria produce significantly higher prevalence rates in children.

Clínica para el Tratamiento Psicológico de Trastornos Psiquiátricos en Niños y Adolescentes.

Hernández, L., Benjet, C., Andar, M.A.m Bermúdez, G. & Gil, F. , Eds.: Instituto Nacional de Psiquiatría, (2010)

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