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Module: Depression

World Health Organization WHO, (2017)

Overview Learning objectives • Promote respect and dignity for people with depression. • Recognize common symptoms of depression. • Know the assessment principles of depression. • Know the management principles of depression. • Perform an assessment for depression. • Use effective communication skills in interactions with people with depression. • Assess and manage physical health conditions as well as depression. • Assess and manage emergency presentations of depression (see Module: Self-harm/ suicide). • Provide psychosocial interventions for people with depression and their carers. • Deliver pharmacological interventions as needed and appropriate, considering special populations. • Plan and perform follow-up for depression. • Refer to specialists and link with outside services where appropriate and available.

Physical Activity

World Health Organization WHO, (2012)

Q6: Is advice on physical activity better (more effective than/as safe as) than treatment as usual in adults with depressive episode/disorder with inactive lifestyles

Relaxation training

World Health Organization WHO, Eds.: WHO, (2012)

Q 5: Is relaxation training better (more effective than/as safe as) than treatment as usual in adults with depressive episode/disorder?

Religious and Spiritual Factors in Depression: Review and Integration of the Research

R. Bonelli, R. E. Dew, H.G. Koenig, et al., (2012)

Depression Research and Treatment Volume 2012, Article ID 962860, 8 pages doi:10.1155/2012/962860

Packages of Care for Depression in Low- and Middle- Income Countries

Patel V, Simon G, Chowdhary N, Kaaya S, Araya R, (2009)

PLoS Med. 2009 Oct;6(10):e1000159. doi: 10.1371/journal.pmed.1000159. Epub 2009 Oct 6.

Management of physical health conditions in adults with severe mental disorders

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)

The global burden of disease due to mental disorders continues to rise, especially in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). In addition to causing a large proportion of morbidity, mental disorders – especially severe mental disorders (SMD) – are linked with poorer health outcomes and increased mortality. SMD are defined as a group of conditions that include moderate to severe depression, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders. People with SMD have a two to three times higher average mortality compared to the general population, which translates to a 10-20 year reduction in life expectancy. While people with SMD do have higher rates of death due to unnatural causes (accidents, homicide, or suicide) than the general population, the majority of deaths amongst people with SMD are attributable to physical health conditions, both non-communicable and communicable.

Депрессия у детей и подростков

Regionaalhaigla, Eds.: Regionaalhaigla, (2011)

Информационный лист. Что такое депрессия? - Признаки депрессии у детей дошкольного возраста, школьников и подростков - лечение депрессии -последствия невылеченной депрессии

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