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Directives Nationales pour la Promotion de la Santé au niveau communautaire

Ministère de la Santé; Direction Nationale de la Protection Sanitaire, République du Benin, (2010)

Dans le but d’améliorer la santé des populations, à l’instar d’autres pays de la région, le Bénin a adopté plusieurs stratégies et programmes tels que le Programme Elargi de Vaccination et des Soins de Santé Primaires (PEV/SSP), le Programme National de Lutte contre le Paludisme (PNLP), la Prise en charge Intégrée des Maladies de l’Enfant (PCIME), Santé Maternelle et Infantile (SMI), … Ceux-ci ont mobilisé différentes ressources tant nationales qu’internationales à travers le budget de l’Etat et l’appui des Partenaires Techniques et Financiers. L’évolution des indicateurs en matière de santé et de développement des communautés montre que les interventions visant le niveau communautaire sont conçues et mises en oeuvre avec une faible participation de ces dernières.

Health and Environment Project in Benin

R. Edon , Eds.: Field Actions Science Reports, (2010)

In 1989, the Republic of Benin was facing a great social and economical crisis. Civil servants of all the sectors in public administration were on strike. People did not know where to go for their health care. Salaries were not paid for more than six months and life for the general population was very dificult. The country was about to degenerate into civil war as a result of the civil unrest in the country. Thanks to the assistance from the French, and Canadian and American Mennonite missionaries, the Bethesda Health Centre was started in 1990 with US$ 1,000 granted by theses partners. Today, the Health Centre of Bethesda has expanded and has become a large Hospital in Cotonou. It hosts each year about 100,000 patients and has developed the department of paediatrics, ophthalmology, stomatology, cardiology, obstetrical gynaecology, X-rays, etc. The Hospital has also put in place an AIDS service which has been promoted by the government to the status of an AIDS Treatment Centre. In an integrated vision, Bethesda has established other departments. In 1993, the Sanitation department was established to implement sanitation and environmentally-friendly projects aimed at reducing the high incidence of some diseases frequently treated at the hospital. In 1996, the decision was made to establish a micro-inance department called PEBCo. This initiative, which currently has 10,000 clients, uses community savings to promote income-generating activities. Since many women were obliged to use the loans for family needs (health care, children schooling, etc.), they were unable to reimburse them as planned. Hence the Bethesda non-government organization (NGO) recently began an initiative to provide a community-based health insurance option for the population in 2006. There are now 12,000 members. This paper focuses on the presentation of Benin and the program, but also describes how the project could be better improved and what were its beneits and impacts. Field Actions Science Reports The journal of field actions Vol. 4 | 2010 Vol. 4

Collaborative Approach to Community-based Malaria Prevention in Benin National Conference/Final Report

Plan International; Abibou Mamadou and Modeste Anato, (2009)

Plan Benin used the Integrated Management for Child Illnesses (IMCI) framework in creating the project "Collaborative Approach to Community based Malaria Prevention.” The project targeted 20 pilot villages in the communes of Aplahoué and Djakotomey, with the goal of reducing maternal and infant mortality related to malaria in the Couffo district. In order to assess the effects of the project on the beneficiary communities, the evaluation was initiated to measure the progress and the perfomance outcomes achieved at the end of the pilot stage. The evaluation was conducted from March to April 2009.

Global Tuberculosis Report 2019. Exceutive Summary

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)

New data on tuberculosis trends in 202 countries TB remains one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide. Millions of people continue to fall sick from TB each year. The Global TB Report 2019 provides a comprehensive and up-to-date assessment of the TB epidemic, and progress in the response, at global, regional and country levels. It features data on disease trends and the response to the epidemic in 202 countries and territories. The Global Report includes trends in TB incidence and mortality, data on case detection and treatment results for TB, multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB), TB/HIV, TB prevention, universal health coverage as well as financing. It presents progress towards targets set at the first-ever United Nations General Assembly high-level meeting on TB in 2018, that brought together heads of state, as well as the targets of the WHO End TB Strategy and the Sustainable Development Goals. The report also includes an overview of pipelines for new TB diagnostics, drugs and vaccines. Additionally, it outlines a monitoring framework that features data on SDG indicators that can be used to identify key influences on the TB epidemic at national level and inform the multi-sectoral actions required to end the TB epidemic

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