DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 109 - This report documents trends in key child nutrition indicators in Rwanda. Data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) in 2005, 2010, and 2014-15 were analyzed, disaggregated by selected equity-related variables, and tested for trends. Over the survey period, Rwanda had high rates of exclusive breastfeeding, with regional variation. Rates of continued breastfeeding were also high but generally decreased as mother’s education and household wealth increased in all survey years. Complementary feeding practices varied by region, mother’s education, household wealth, urban-rural residence, and sex of the child. Generally, consumption of vitamin A-rich foods was high but consumption of iron-rich foods was low, with differences by household wealth. Consumption of iron-rich foods also varied by region, urban-rural residence, and mother’s education. There were substantial differences in the prevalence of stunting by urban-rural residence, region, and household wealth, and between boys and girls. These findings suggest that strategies are warranted to increase the prevalence of optimal breastfeeding in urban areas and among the wealthier and more educated. Urgent efforts to improve appropriate complementary feeding practices are needed, and these practices should be monitored by socioeconomic characteristics, residential status, and region in order to focus on groups and areas most in need. Strategies to improve complementary feeding practices among rural residents, poor households, and mothers with less education should be tested, along with specific regional strategies.
Accessed 18 June 2018 | Last updated 1-Jun.-2018 (data as of 25-May-2018) | Next overall update Mid-July 2018
This document provides a snapshot view of Rwanda in terms of key socio-economic indicators, political and economic context and the situation of children. It also gives an overview of UNICEF's Country Programme and key achievements.
Rwanda has made significant progress towards economic prosperity and human development over the past two decades. Rwanda has one of the fastest growing economies in central Africa, and was one of the few countries to achieve all the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Political stability, strong governance, fiscal and administrative decentralization, and zero tolerance for corruption are among the key factors supporting the country’s inclusive growth and development.
Rwanda still faces some significant development challenges. Chronic malnutrition (stunting), early childhood development, neonatal mortality, the quality of education, and prevention of violence against children require continued attention.
DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 108 - This report examines levels, trends, and inequalities in maternal health in Rwanda from 2010 to
2014-15 among women age 15-49 with a recent birth. The analysis uses Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) data for 15 key indicators of maternal health: 6 for antenatal care, 3 for delivery, 1 for postnatal care, and 5 for barriers to accessing medical care. Levels and trends in these indicators were analyzed overall and by three background characteristics: women’s education, household wealth quintile, and region. A further analysis of disparities by wealth quintile was also performed, using the concentration index. Overall, the results show substantial improvements for 6 of the 9 key indicators of antenatal care, delivery care, and postnatal care, as well as a decrease in reported barriers to care. However, a majority of women still receive fewer than the recommended number of at least four antenatal care visits, do not receive a postnatal checkup within 2 days following delivery, and report at least one serious problem in obtaining health care. The study also shows persistent disparities by education, wealth, and region. In both surveys, 11 of the 15 health indicators were significantly unequal by women’s household wealth status. Moreover, 8 indicators were even more unequal by household wealth status in 2014-15 than in 2010. Sometimes, gains can occur faster among the wealthiest than the poorest. Nevertheless, as maternal health care improves in Rwanda, additional initiatives and outreach should be directed to disadvantaged groups and regions in order to ensure better equity in maternal health.
Accessed June 2018 | UNICEF Data: Monitoring the Situation of Children and Women
DHS Further Analysis Reports No. 107 - This report, based largely on the 2014-15 national survey in Rwanda, focuses on changes and trends in reproductive behavior since 2010. In the 4-5 years after the 2010 survey, fertility continued its decline to 4.2 births per woman as contraceptive prevalence increased slightly. However, the earlier downward trend in number of children desired appears stalled. This is clearly evident from an increase in the proportions of married women and men who say they want more children. Child mortality has significantly declined and remains strongly related to fertility; while age at marriage has continued to increase. The demographic goals specified in the 1998-99 plan for development, Rwanda Vision 2020, appear on track, but the annual rate of population growth remains high, currently 2.5%, because fertility is high. Furthermore, large numbers of young people are now entering their child-bearing years. Although most trends seem encouraging, especially compared with other countries in sub-Saharan Africa, significant population growth is expected in Rwanda, from 12 to 16 million people by 2030, and to 22 million people by mid-century, even with assumed reductions of fertility.
Key Malaria Indicators from the 2017 Rwanda Malaria Indicator Survey - The table in this key indicator report provides estimates of key indicators for the country as a whole and for each of the five provinces in Rwanda.
Grade 3; cases: 55, deaths: 28; CFR: 50.9 percent The outbreak of Ebola virus disease (EVD) in the Democratic Republic of the Congo remains active. One month into the response, there is cautious optimism about the situation in Bikoro and Wangata (especially Mbandaka) health zones where the last confirmed EVD case was reported on 16 May 2018. The primary focus of the response has moved from the urban areas of Equateur province to the most remote and hard-to-reach places in Itipo and the greater Iboko Health Zone.
On 10 Jun 2018, 2 new suspected EVD cases were reported in Iboko Health Zone. 13 laboratory specimens (from suspected cases reported previously) tested negative. No new confirmed EVD cases and no new deaths have been reported on the reporting date. Since 17 May 2018, no new confirmed EVD cases have been reported in Bikoro and Wangata health zones, while the last confirmed case was reported in Iboko Health Zone on 2 Jun 2018.