Current Profile of New HIV Infections Among Adults in Northern Benin in 2016

Cossi Angelo Attinsounon, Comlan Albert Dovonou, René Kèkè, Cossi Adébayo Alassani, Kouessi Anthelme Agbodandé, Finagnon Armand Wanvoegbe, Angèle Kouanou-Azon, Djimon Marcel Zannou, Eds.: Science Publishing Group, (2017)

Objective: The study aimed to describe the current epidemiological, clinical and immunological profile of newly detected HIV - positive patients in Northern Benin by 2016. Methods: It was a prospective study conducted from May 2 to October 31, 2016 on three main sites of care of people living with HIV (PLHIV) in the department of Borgou in Benin. All new cases of HIV infection have been systematically and comprehensively recruited. Initial epidemiological, clinical and immunological data were collected using a questionnaire. These data were entered and analyzed using the Epi Info 7 software. Results: In total, 185 adults (68 male and 117 female) newly screened HIV positive were included in this study. The middle age was 36.2 ± 10.9 years and the sex ratio was 0.6 One hundred and thirty-five patients (73%) were between 25 and 50 years old. In terms of the profession, 132 patients (71.3%) were engaged in liberal activities (craftmen, traders and retailers). The majority was schooled (113 or 61.1%) and resided in urban areas (146 or 79%). One hundred and sixteen patients lived in couple (62.7%) with an average monthly income estimated at 70 US Dollars. Clinically, 123 patients (66.5%) were in WHO stage III. The body mass index was over 18.5 kg/m2 in 124 patients (67%). The median number of TCD4 lymphocytes was 254.5 cells/ml and 25 patients (13.5%) had a number of CD4 over 500 cells/ml. HIV1 was really predominant (97.8%). Most patients (152 or 82.2%) had been screened for clinical suspicion. Conclusion: HIV infection in Benin remains the prerogative of young, female, educated and poor people. Screening is delayed and hence the need to develop innovative strategies for early


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