Ce document a été élaboré par le Programme des urgences sanitaires de l'Organisation mondiale de la santé comme ressource pour la réponse à la flambée du virus d'Ebola (Ebola) en République démocratique du Congo en mai 2018.
Ce document est destiné à guider le travail de communication des risques et d'engagement communautaire (CREC) qui est essentiel pour stopper la flambée et prévenir son amplification. Contrairement à d'autres domaines d'intervention, la CREC fait largement appel aux bénévoles, au personnel de première ligne et aux personnes qui n'ont pas reçu de formation préalable dans ce domaine. En tant que tel, le document fournit des informations de base, couvre les aspects socio-économiques et culturels (qui sont connus au moment de la publication), et fournit les derniers conseils et approches fondés sur des données probantes basés sur les Directives de l'OMS : Communiquer les risques dans les situations d'urgence en santé publique, 2018.
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All personnel responding to Ebola outbreaks need to have basic knowledge and skills in order to mount an effective response. The GO training package was developed for WHO deployees so they can work safely and effectively as part of the teams bringing outbreaks under control. The learning package consists of 7 modules, which include video lectures and downloadable presentations that have been updated with the latest information and developments. It begins with an introduction to Ebola virus disease before moving to the response strategy and essential information related to working for WHO. The GO materials are designed to complement the ePROTECT training, which is available here: https://openwho.org/courses/e-protect.
This comprehensive intermediate level course is for clinicians caring for patients with suspected or confirmed Ebola virus disease (EVD). Modules provide information on screening and triage, infection prevention and control, laboratory diagnostics, organization of the Ebola Treatment Centre (ETC), clinical care of patients in the ETC, and investigational therapeutic agents.
Learning objectives: By the end of this training course, participants should be able to:
describe screening of patients to identify suspect cases and safely transfer them for ongoing care to an ETC;
understand infection prevention and control strategies: standard and contract precautions and use of personal protective equipment for various contexts;
understand safe waste management and how to perform a safe and dignified burial;
understand how to collect patient samples for Ebola and other laboratory tests;
understand the various Ebola tests available and the importance of other routine laboratory tests for patient management;
understand the structure, functioning, and procedures of an ETC;
understand the main components of clinical management of patients with EVD; and
describe the WHO framework for using investigational therapeutic agents in an outbreak.
Enroll for the course: https://openwho.org/courses/ebola-clinical-management
ePROTECT is an occupational health and safety briefing that covers the basic information you need to protect yourself when deploying to countries with Ebola virus disease. Those of you who will carry out specialized tasks, such as working in direct contact with sick people, will need more advanced-level training and coaching.
Overview: Risk communication and community engagement are essential for any disease outbreak response. This is particularly critical during outbreaks of Ebola which may create fear in the public and frontline responders alike due to severe presentation of symptoms, misunderstanding of the causes of illness and high fatality rates. This document outlines some of the key considerations for risk communication and community engagement response to Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Ebola outbreaks have been associated with misinformation and false rumours. In the context of RCCE, rumours refer to unsubstantiated information, claims or beliefs about what is causing the disease or how it can be treated/cured. If not proactively addressed in culturally appropriate ways, misinformation and rumours can lead to the further rapid spread of the disease and unnecessary deaths, severe disease, suffering, and societal and economic loss.
The publication includes a 'Rumour Tracking Tool' (Annex II).