This week’s edition covers key ongoing events, including:
Humanitarian crises in South Sudan
Humanitarian crises in North East Nigeria
Ebola virus disease outbreak in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Cholera outbreak in Kenya
Measles outbreak in Madagascar
The report offers 20 top recommendations for getting ahead of future outbreaks in Yemen and similarly complex humanitarian settings.
In 2015, Yemen was declared a Level 3 emergency by the UN, kicking into gear the highest level of humanitarian support. A massive cholera outbreak followed, leading to 1 million suspected cases in 2 waves from September 2016-July 2018.
“We largely know ‘what to do’ to control cholera, but context-specific practices on ‘how to do it’ in order to surmount challenges to coordination, logistics, insecurity, access and politics remain needed,” the report states.
While the response improved between the 2 waves, there were gaps. For one, Yemen’s history of cholera should have triggered a heavy focus on pre-planning for an epidemic, such as stockpiling supplies and doubling down on community-based surveillance, the report fou
Total case count now stands at 2,755 with 41 deaths. CFR is 1.5%
The total number of suspected cholera cases reported as at 29 th October 2018 stands at 5,513 with 73 associated deaths, (CFR – 1.32%). 2174 in Jere, 1,283 in MMC, 341 in Magumeri, 34 in Kaga, 155 in Konduga, 136 in Chibok, 11 in Shani, 42 in Damboa, 1027 in Ngala, 88 in Askira-Uba, 161 in Kwaya-Kusar, 56 in Bama and 53 in Dikwa LGAs. No additional case reported from Kaga, Chibok, Shani, Damboa, Askira Uba, Kwaya-Kusar and Bama LGAs.
As many as seven countries– Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and Syria in the WHO Eastern Mediterranean Region have established an early warning system for disease outbreaks with a view to early detecting and rapidly investigating any public health event of potential concern. Such a system, in the absence of a routine disease surveillance system, needs continuous monitoring and assessment using a set of performance benchmarks.