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Le renforcement des systèmes de protection de l’enfance

Terre des Hommes, (2011)


Ce document propose tout d’abord de comprendre ce qu’est un système de protection de l’enfance et pour quelles raisons Tdh entend « penser système » et se consacrer au renforcement des systèmes de protection (section 1). Il décrit ensuite le modèle d’action de référence de Tdh en matière de renforcement des SPE et présente les principales interventions à mener dans cette perspective, en fonction de différents contextes (section 2). Un cadrage méthodologique et des informations d’ordre pratique viennent illustrer les manières concrètes d’intervenir en ce domaine (section 3). En annexe se trouve une description des actions composant la matrice de base à utiliser en matière de renforcement des SPE. Cette description est complétée par quelques exemples de projets et d’expériences actuellement engagés par Tdh sur le terrain en différents lieux de la planète.
https://www.tdh.ch/sites/default/files/88c41d97-68...


Zwischen Angst und Hoffnung Kindersoldaten als Flüchtlinge in Deutschland

Dima Zito, Eds.: Terra des Hommes & Bundesfachverband Unbegleitete, (2009)


Die Situation von Kindersoldaten erhält in der Öffentlichkeit zunehmend einen größeren Stellenwert, Kampagnen wie die Aktion Rote Hand bringen vielen Menschen das traurige Schicksal dieser Kinder und Jugendlichen näher. Im Mittelpunkt steht dabei das Leben in den Heimatländern der Betroffenen, die Verwicklung in Kampfhandlungen oder die Wiedereingliederung in die Gesellschaft. Die vorliegende Studie hat eine besondere Bedeutung, da sich ihr Fokus auf die jungen Menschen richtet, denen es gelungen ist, nach Deutschland zu flüchten, um der Verfolgungssituation im Heimatland zu entkommen. Dies ist nicht selbstverständlich: Der Ausstieg aus den bewaffneten Gruppen ist nur unter Lebensgefahr möglich, die ehemaligen Kindersoldaten sind auch nach einem Friedensschluss nicht vor weiterer Verfolgung gefeit, körperliche und seelische Verletzungen machen eine Flucht vielfach unmöglich und der lange Weg nach Europa ist ohne Hilfe und ohne große Mühen nicht zu überwinden – es sind nur ganz wenige, die es wagen, und noch weniger, die es schaffen.
https://www.tdh.de/fileadmin/user_upload/inhalte/1...


Psychosocial Support of Children Psychosocial Support of Children In Emergencies

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2009)


‘Psychosocial Support of Children in Emergencies’ is a publication designed to provide UNICEF staff and UNICEF partner staff with a framework of principles and concepts that can assist them to support and promote the psychosocial well-being of children in such emergencies as natural disasters, armed conflict and other forms of violence. While it has been developed primarily for emergency situations, these psychosocial principles and concepts are also useful for post-emergency programmatic responses. ‘Psychosocial Support of Children in Emergencies’ is a reference document for humanitarian workers who want to increase their understanding of the experiences of children in emergency situations and how to support them in mitigating the negative effects of these experiences and how to prevent further harm. While the book is not designed to be a day-to-day programming tool, it outlines UNICEF’s orientation to the psychosocial principles integral to any work with children and provides a number of examples from field work of how these principles can be turned into concrete actions. The development, provision and strengthening of psychosocial support services for children and their care givers is a fundamental part of UNICEF’s Core Commitments for Children (CCCs) in Emergencies. The primary framework for the principles and activities outlined in this document is the ‘Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Guidelines on Mental Health and Psychosocial Support in Emergency Settings.’ Other key references for the document include the UNICEF Technical Note on ‘Protecting Psychosocial Development’; ‘The Refugee Experience’, a psychosocial training manual produced by the Refugee Studies Centre, University of Oxford; and material from Actions for the Rights of Children (ARC).
http://www.unicefinemergencies.com/downloads/ereso...


Kids Abroad: ignore them, abuse them or protect them?

Dottridge, M, Eds.: Terre des Hommes, (2008)


Lessons on how to protect children on the move from being exploited | This study focuses on the experience of young people who leave home or travel abroad to seek work or a better life and also on children who are sent away from home by their parents. It explores initiatives which have had the effect of reducing the likelihood that such children will be subjected to economic or sexual exploitation. It sets out to go beyond identifying the vulnerable situations faced by such children, by examining what techniques have proved helpful to children who move away from their families.
http://www.terredeshommes.org/wp-content/uploads/2...


UNICEF Child Protection Strategy (E/ICEF/2008/5/Rev.1) - Economic and Social Council

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2008)


The Child Protection Strategy defines the contribution of UNICEF to national and international efforts to fulfil children’s rights to protection and to achieve the Millennium Development Goals, within the context of the UNICEF medium-term strategic plan (MTSP) for 2006-2009. The strategy has been developed through intensive consultation with a wide range of key partners and UNICEF staff. It is recommended that the Executive Board adopt the draft decision in section VII.
https://www.unicef.org/tdad/unicefcpstrategyjune08...


THE PARIS PRINCIPLES: PRINCIPLES AND GUIDELINES ON CHILDREN ASSOCIATED WITH ARMED FORCES OR ARMED GROUPS

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2007)


Hundreds of thousands of children are associated with armed forces and armed groups in conflicts around the world. Girls and boys are used in a variety of ways from support roles, such as cooking or portering, to active fighting, laying mines or spying and girls are frequently used for sexual purposes. The recruitment and use of children violates their rights and causes them physical, developmental, emotional, mental, and spiritual harm. The impact on their mental and physical well-being breaches the most fundamental human rights and represents a grave threat to durable peace and sustainable development, as cycles of violence are perpetuated. The Paris Commitments adopted in Paris in February 2007 are an expression of strengthened international resolve to prevent the recruitment of children and highlight the actions governments can and should take to protect children affected by conflict. The Paris Principles are the operational guidelines related to sustainable reintegration of children formerly associated with armed forces and groups.
https://www.unicef.org/emerg/files/ParisPrinciples...


Network HPN Paper: The role of education in protecting children in conflict

Susan Nicolai and Carl Triplehorn, Eds.: Humanitarian Practice Network (HPN); Overseas Development Institute (ODI), (2003)


Wars deprive millions of children of an education, yet education in emergencies has not traditionally occupied a prominent place in humanitarian thinking. No one dies from not going to school, and other lifethreatening needs – for food, water, shelter or healthcare – can at first glance seem more pressing. Amid conflict and crisis, education programming has been viewed as a luxury, and a task best left to the development community. This paper argues for a reappraisal of the position of education in emergency programming. It explores the links between education and the wider protection needs of the children it assists. It suggests that, as protection in conflict emerges more clearly as a legitimate humanitarian concern, so the role of education as a tool of protection must be more clearly understood. How does conflict affect a child’s education, and what impact does this have on an affected individual’s social or cognitive development? In what ways can education enhance the physical and psychosocial protection of children in war-affected or displaced communities? What risks does education programming in these contested environments present, for children and for agencies themselves? What is currently being done, and how could it be done better? This paper does not offer definitive answers to these questions. Education in emergencies is a young area; the evidence of its impact is often anecdotal, and although its status as a humanitarian concern has gained legitimacy in recent years, it has yet to be accepted across the humanitarian community. Much more needs to be done to enhance our understanding of the links between education and child protection in emergency situations.
https://www.odi.org/sites/odi.org.uk/files/odi-ass...


ENDING CHILD MARRIAGE: CHILD MARRIAGE LAWS AND THEIR LIMITATIONS

Wodon, Q., Tavares, P., Fiala, O., Nestour, A. & Wise, L., Eds.: Save the Children and The World Bank, (2017)


Child marriage is defined as a formal or informal union before the age of 18. The practice affects mostly girls. While child marriage is especially prevalent in low and lower-middle income countries, it is also observed in other countries. It endangers the life trajectories of girls in multiple ways. Child brides are at greater risk of experiencing a range of poor health outcomes, having children at younger ages when they are not yet ready to do so, dropping out of school, earning less over their lifetimes and living in poverty compared to their peers who marry at later ages. Child brides may also be more likely to experience intimate partner violence, have restricted physical mobility, and limited decision making ability. Most fundamentally, child brides may be disempowered in ways that deprive them of their basic rights to health, education and safety. These dynamics affect not only the girls themselves, but also their children and households, as well as communities and entire societies. Child marriage is widely considered as a violation of human rights and a form of violence against girls. The elimination of child marriage by 2030 is a target under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Yet investments to end the practice are limited, and worldwide the incidence of child marriage has been declining too slowly over time to achieve the SDG target. Furthermore, in many countries, it remains legal to marry a girl before she turns 18, and even in countries where marriage before 18 is in principle illegal, too many girls continue to marry early. This brief summarizes findings from research undertaken by Save the Children and the World Bank on the lack of legal protection against child marriage for girls and marriages that take place below the national minimum age of marriage. The analysis suggests that many countries still do not effectively legally protect girls against child marriage, but also that legal reforms are not sufficient to end the practice as many girls marry illegally in countries where legal protections are in place. While protecting girls in the law against child marriage is an important first step, additional interventions are needed to prevent child marriage.
https://www.savethechildren.org/content/dam/usa/re...


Stolen Childhoods - END OF CHILDHOOD REPORT 2017

Save the Children , (2017)


In commemoration of International Children’s Day, Save the Children is launching a unique index exploring the major reasons why childhood comes to an early end. The End of Childhood Index focuses on a set of life-changing events that signal the disruption of childhood. It ranks 172 countries based on where childhood is most intact and where it is most eroded. It shows which countries are succeeding, and failing, to provide conditions that nurture and protect their youngest citizens. The indicators used to measure the end of childhood are: under-5 mortality, malnutrition that stunts growth, out-of-school children, child labor, early marriage, adolescent births, displacement by conflict, and child homicide.
https://www.savethechildren.org/content/dam/usa/re...


The Condition of the Girl Child worldwide - Fifth Edition

Indefes - Terre des Hommes, (2016)


In the last five years, i.e. how old turned the Campaign “Indifesa” (Defenceless) in 2016, that was launched by Terre des Hommes in 2012, the world has become smaller. One can actually say that the derangements following the Arab Spring in 2011 reshuffled what is stable and what produces instability; between those, who live in a peaceful world, and those, who try to survive in areas affected by violence. All that significantly reduced the distance between those, who live there, along the Mediterranean cost, and those, who live here. Such deep disorder made even more acute, visible and tangible also for the so called developed world all the serious violations of the human rights suffered by little girls and girls: on the one hand the widespread political instability and violence made even more precarious the little girls and young women’s conditions on the Mediterranean southern coast, where they were already fragile; and on the other hand the migration flows further worsened them, matching at the same time the conditions of those young and very young migrants to those of the European girls of the same age.
http://www.terredeshommes.org/wp-content/uploads/2...


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