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Neglect and perceived stigmatization impact psychological distress of orphans in Tanzania

Hermenau, K., Eggert, I., Landolt, M.A. & Hecker, T., Eds.: European Journal of Psychotraumatology, (2015)


Background: Research has shown that orphans in sub-Saharan Africa are at increased risk for mental health problems. Exposure to maltreatment and HIV/AIDS-related stigmatization are related to orphans’ psychological distress. Yet, researchers stress the need for more research in low-income countries to identify which factors of being an orphan may lead to psychological distress. Objectives: The present study aims to systematically investigate orphans’ experiences of maltreatment and stigmatization to identify factors that relate to their psychological distress.
https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/pdf/10.3402/ejpt.v...


Plan International’s Global Strategy for Child Protection Programming 2015–2020

Plan International, (2015)


Protection from violence is every child’s right: Plan International’s Global Strategy for Child Protection Programming 2015–2020 | Presented here is Plan International’s first ever global strategy on child protection programming that provides a clear direction and mandate for the organisation to actualise the right to protection from violence for all children, in development and emergency settings. The strategy sets out a robust agenda for the organisation to contribute towards strengthening of the national child protection systems in its programme countries, recognising that children, families, communities, civil society and government are an integral part of such a system. Grounded in the foundations of child centered community development, the success of this strategy will be measured by how individual countries contribute to their child protection systems and partner at various levels to combat violence against children. This strategy is a result of a highly consultative process that reached children and youth, Plan International staff, external specialists globally and the paper has been put in place with the joint efforts of the global child protection programming reference group.
https://plan-international.org/publications/global...


UNICEF Global Evaluation Report Oversight System (GEROS) Review Template

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2014)


EVALUATION OF UNICEF PROGRAMMES TO PROTECT CHILDREN IN EMERGENCIES: Synthesis Report
https://www.unicef.org/evaldatabase/files/GEROS-US...


Zwölf Jahre, Sklave - Kinder in Zwangsarbeit

Terre des Hommes; Süd Wind, (2014)


Die Risiken für Kinder, Opfer sexueller Ausbeutung zu werden, haben in den vergangenen Jahren eher zu- als abgenommen. Dies stellte Ende 2013 die Sonderberichterstatterin der Vereinten Nationen zum Thema Prostitution von Kindern fest. Neben Sklaverei ist Kinderprostitution eine der offensichtlich illegalen Formen von Zwangsarbeit, um die es in der Studie von Autorinnen und Autoren des Südwind-Instituts geht, die von Terre des hommes herausgegeben wurde. Als Gründe für die Zunahme werden unter anderem die Wirtschaftskrise genannt, aber auch die Schwächung der Funktion von Familien als Schutzmantel für Kinder, Migration und die zunehmende Lukrativität des Geschäftes mit Kindern auf globalisierten, über das Internet verbundenen Märkten. Jedoch sei die Datenlage weiterhin schlecht. Ausgerechnet über die Art des Missbrauchs von Kindern, die vermutlich die schlimmsten psychischen und physischen Auswirkungen habe, gebe es so gut wie gar keine Zahlen, so die Autoren. Die internationale Arbeitsorganisation (ILO) schätzt, dass zwei Drittel der Gewinne aus Zwangsarbeit allein aus dem Bereich der Zwangsprostitution kommen. In der Studie mit dem Titel "Zwölf Jahre, Sklave. Kinder in Zwangsarbeit" werden politische Maßnahmen skizziert, um Zwangsarbeit wirksamer zu bekämpfen. In Bezug auf die sexuelle Ausbeutung von Kindern stehen an erster Stelle nationale Gesetze, deren Durchsetzung vorangetrieben werden muss, um die Straflosigkeit der Täter zu beenden. Dabei müsse das Recht der Kinder im Vordergrund stehen, vor Missbrauch geschützt zu werden bzw. bei bereits erfolgten Verbrechen wirkungsvolle Hilfe zu erhalten. Darüber hinaus sollten die Maßnahmen international koordiniert werden. Dringend notwendig sei auch die Erhebung von Daten und Informationen, um gezielter gegen den sexuellen Missbrauch von Kindern vorgehen zu können.
https://www.tdh.de/fileadmin/user_upload/inhalte/0...


children in danger: Act to end violence against children

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2014)


Every five minutes a child dies as the result of violence, according to a ground-breaking report from Unicef UK. The report reveals that the vast majority of children are killed outside warzones and that physical, sexual and emotional abuse is widespread with millions of children unsafe in their homes, schools and communities. Some 345 children could die from violence each day in the next year, unless governments act. The report also finds that: (1) Children who are victims of violence have brain activity similar to soldiers exposed to combat; (2) A third of children who are victims of violence are likely to develop long-lasting symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder; (3) Those living in poverty are more likely to be victims of violence, wherever they live in the world; (4) Over 7% of child deaths due to violence each day are the result of interpersonal violence, rather than conflict.
https://www.unicef.it/Allegati/UNICEF_Children_in_...


HIDDEN IN PLAIN SIGHT: A statistical analysis of violence against children

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2014)


Interpersonal violence – in all its forms – has a grave effect on children: Violence undermines children’s future potential; damages their physical, psychological and emotional well-being; and in many cases, ends their lives. The report sheds light on the prevalence of different forms of violence against children, with global figures and data from 190 countries. Where relevant, data are disaggregated by age and sex, to provide insights into risk and protective factors.
http://files.unicef.org/publications/files/Hidden_...


UNICEF Evaluation Brief No. 2014/2 - Protecting Children in Emergencies: A Comprehensive Evaluation of UNICEF Programmes

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2014)


When an emergency strikes, whether a natural disaster or armed conflict, children require special protection to ensure their safety and well-being. UNICEF works to prevent children from being harmed, to monitor violations committed against them and to respond when children have been subjected to violence, exploitation or abuse. In December 2013, UNICEF published its first comprehensive evaluation assessing how well its global and country strategies and programmes have worked to protect children in emergencies. The ‘Evaluation of UNICEF Programmes to Protect Children in Emergencies’ was undertaken to identify key successes and gaps in child protection programming over the period 2009-2012 and to draw out lessons learned ahead of the roll-out of the new Strategic Plan, 2014-2017. The evaluation investigates achievements and gaps against the Core Commitments for Children in Humanitarian Action (CCCs), UNICEF’s Child Protection Strategy and the previous Strategic Plan, 2006-2013. It assesses the extent to which interventions in longer term child protection systems-strengthening and preparedness have led to a more effective response in crises.
https://www.unicef.org/evaldatabase/files/CPiE_Eva...


Évaluation des programmes UNICEF de protection des enfants lors des situations d’urgence : rapport de synthèse - Résumé Analytique

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2013)


EVALUATION REPORT | Cette évaluation représente la première tentative mondiale d’examiner les interventions programmatiques de l’UNICEF menées dans le but de protéger les enfants lors des situations ’urgence. Elle a pour objectif de renforcer la programmation en matière de protection de l’enfance en évaluant les résultats accomplis au cours des dernières années, ainsi que de tirer des enseignements et faire des recommandations susceptibles d’avoir une influence sur les programmes en cours et futurs. Les conclusions de l’évaluation étaieront la mise en œuvre du Plan stratégique pour la période 2014-2017. L’évaluation comprend des études de cas nationales analysant les résultats en faveur des enfants à la lumière du plan stratégique à moyen terme (PSMT, 2006-2013), des Principaux engagements pour les enfants dans l’action humanitaire et des thèmes choisis pour l’évaluation. Douze pays ont fourni des données pour l’analyse, quatre sous forme d’études de cas avec visites dans le pays et rapports spéciaux (Colombie, Pakistan, République démocratique du Congo (RDC) et Soudan du Sud) et huit autres pays sous forme d’études théoriques (Afghanistan, État de Palestine, Haïti, Myanmar, Philippines, Somalie, Soudan et Sri Lanka). Quatre des pays (Haïti, Myanmar, Pakistan et Philippines) sont frappés par des catastrophes naturelles et des conflits soudains tandis que les autres souffrent surtout de conflits de longue durée connaissant parfois des éruptions soudaines de violence.
https://www.unicef.org/evaldatabase/files/CPiE_Res...


SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT STARTS WITH SAFE, HEALTHY AND WELL-EDUCATED CHILDREN

United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF), (2013)


a post-2015 world fit for children | In this paper, we explore the dynamic and dramatic interplay between the realization of children’s rights and sustainable development. The evidence presented makes a powerful case for why and how these issues must be directly addressed in the discussions towards a Post-2015 Development Agenda and the eventual framework that will emerge. It is a call to action for decision-makers to invest in children’s rights and well-being as an integral means to achieving sustainable development.
https://www.unicef.org/agenda2030/files/SD_childre...


Save the Children’s Child Protection Strategy 2013-2015 Making the world a safe place for children

Save the Children, (2013)


In 2009, Save the Children launched the Global Child Protection Initiative (CPI) to strengthen children’s right to be protected from abuse, neglect, exploitation and violence. By 2015, Save the Children aims to have improved the lives of 21 million children through preventative and remedial child protection measures and to have invested US$ 250 million to support child protection programmes. This paper sets out Save the Children's child protection strategy over the next three years, the changes that Save the Children expects to see in the protection of children by 2015 and how the strategy will be delivered across its theory of change. It offers details for each of the four priority areas of the strategy: (i) Children Without Appropriate Care; (ii) Child Protection in Emergencies; (iii) Physical and Humiliating Punishment; and (iv) Children and Work, including goals and objectives relating to identified subthemes. Save the Children will continue its work on improving the quality and increase the scale of its child protection programmes and calls on everyone – all of Save the Children’s members and country offices – to engage and invest in child protection to end all forms of violence against children.
https://www.savethechildren.net/sites/default/file...


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