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Narrowing the Gaps: The power of investing in the poorest children

United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), (2017)

UNICEF analysis indicates that:
- Investments that increase access to high-impact health and nutrition interventions by poor groups have saved almost twice as many lives as equivalent investments in non-poor groups.
- Access to high-impact health and nutrition interventions has improved rapidly among poor groups in recent years, leading to substantial improvements in equity.
- During the period studied, absolute reductions in under-five mortality rates associated with improvements in intervention coverage were three times faster among poor groups than non-poor groups.
- Because birth rates were higher among the poor, the reduction in the under-five mortality rate translated into 4.2 times more lives saved for every 1 million people. Indeed, of the 1.1 million lives saved across the 51 countries during the final year studied for each country, nearly 85 per cent were among the poor.
- Intensified focus on equity-enhancing policies and investments can help countries achieve the Sustainable Development Goal newborn and child mortality targets (SDG3.2).

Reaching the every newborn national 2020 milestones: country progress, plans and moving forward

World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, (2017)

To complement the Global Strategy progress reporting, this report provides a detailed look at country leadership and action toward the Every Newborn National Milestones by 2020. Countries have taken the initiative to show the way forward and have demonstrated significant progress. As part of monitoring this progress, countries have adopted the Every Newborn Tracking Tool. This report presents a compilation of the data collated by the Every Newborn Tracking Tool in 2016, when 51 countries adopted the tool; it also spotlights examples of specific country activity for each National Milestone. Finally, Global Milestones for 2020 were part of the Every Newborn Action Plan to guide global and regional work in support of country efforts and this report highlights relevant progress towards those Global Milestones.

Vitamin A Supplementation Programs and Country-Level Evidence of Vitamin A Deficiency

Wirth, James P.; Petry, Nicolai and others, (2017)

Vitamin A supplementation (VAS) programs targeted at children aged 6–59 months are implemented in many countries. By improving immune function, vitamin A (VA) reduces mortality associated with measles, diarrhea, and other illnesses. There is currently a debate regarding the relevance of VAS, but amidst the debate, researchers acknowledge that the majority of nationally-representative data on VA status is outdated. To address this data gap and contribute to the debate, we examined data from 82 countries implementing VAS programs, identified other VA programs, and assessed the recentness of national VA deficiency (VAD) data.
Article published in: Nutrients, 2017, 9, 190

Recommandations de l’OMS concernant les soins prénatals pour que la grossesse soit une expérience positive

Organisation mondiale de la Santé (OMS), (2017)

Le présent document expose des recommandations exhaustives de l’OMS sur les soins prénatals systématiques à l’intention des femmes enceintes et des adolescentes. Le but de ces recommandations est de compléter les directives de l’OMS existantes sur la prise en charge des complications spécifiques associées à la grossesse. Elles sont destinées à refléter et à répondre à la nature complexe des problèmes entourant la pratique et la délivrance des soins prénatals et à donner la priorité à la santé et au bien-être de la personne – et pas seulement à la prévention de la mortalité et de la morbidité – selon une démarche visant le respect des droits de l’homme.

Trends and mortality effects of vitamin A deficiency in children in 138 low-income and middle-income countries between 1991 and 2013: a pooled analysis of population-based surveys

Stevens, Gretchen; Bennett, James and others, (2015)

Vitamin A deficiency is a risk factor for blindness and for mortality from measles and diarrhoea in children aged 6–59 months. We aimed to estimate trends in the prevalence of vitamin A defi ciency between 1991 and 2013 and its mortality burden in low-income and middle-income countries.
Article published in: Lancet Glob Health 2015; 3: e528–36 (note copyright)

Business case for WHO immunization activities on the African continent 2018-2030

World Health Organization (WHO), (2018)

The Global Vaccine Action Plan (GVAP) 2011-2020, endorsed by Member States during the May 2012 World Health Assembly, has set ambitious targets to improve access to immunization and tackle vaccine-preventable diseases. This responsibility has been translated into firm commitments in February 2016, through the signature of the Addis Declaration on Immunization (ADI) by African Ministers and subsequently endorsed by the Heads of States from across Africa at the 28th African Union Summit held in January 2017. This commitment from the highest level of government comes as a catalyst to immunization efforts on the continent to deliver on the promise of universal immunization

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