The Central African Republic has experienced
repeated sociopolitical crises since
the tragic death of its founder, Barthélémy
Boganda, the year before the county’s independence.
Today there is a general tendency
by foreign observers and analysts who are
not conversant with the history of this country,
to simply ignore or minimize this aspect
of the political background of the CAR. This
has resulted in poor understanding of the
diachronic and holistic causes of the identity
crises, and of the recurrent cycles of violence
this country has been experiencing through
More than half of Central African Republic’s population is in need of urgent humanitarian aid – amidst chronic underfunding, persisting violence across the country and unsuccessful peace agreements. Donors must step up their commitments and meet their fair share responsibility of funding to stabilize the fragile situation.
This report serves the specific purpose of collating legally relevant information on conditions in countries of origin pertinent to the assessment of claims for asylum. It is not intended to be a general report on human rights conditions. The report is prepared within a specified time frame on the basis of publicly available documents as well as information provided by experts. All sources are cited and fully referenced.
The democratic election of President Faustin-Archange Touadéra in the December 2015-February 2016 presidential elections offered hope of a new era for the Central African Republic, which has long been troubled by periodic surges in violence. However, the window of opportunity created by the election to implement a successful peace agreement and introduce necessary institutional reform to promote national unity is rapidly diminishing. Over the last few months, the security situation in CAR has been deteriorating as ex-Séléka and anti-Balaka rebel groups continue to fragment and turn to criminality to sustain themselves. Most notably, fighting around Bambari between the Union for Peace in the Central African Republic (UPC) and the Popular Front for the Renaissance in the Central African Republic (FPRC) has intensified in recent weeks and violence across the region has turned increasingly inter-communal.
The Central African Republic is at a major turning point in its history. The country
is just emerging from a very violent conflict, during which thousands of human lives were lost and one-third of the population was displaced. After
a three-year transition, and with the support of the international community, authorities successfully created the conditions required to conduct credible presidential and legislative
elections. Central African citizens mobilized to express their desire for peace and to break
with the cycle of past violence. Their exemplary democratic maturity ensured the electoral
process was peaceful, despite palpable tensions. The welcome given Pope Francis in Bangui in
November 2015 and visible reconciliation efforts demonstrate the population wishes to turn
the page on this conflict.
This report provides a synthesis of some of the most recent, high-quality literature on the security and political processes in Central African Republic produced up to the end of January 2016. It was prepared for the European Union’s Instrument Contributing to Stability and Peace, © European Union 2016. The views expressed in this report are those of the author, and do not necessarily reflect the opinions of GSDRC, its partner agencies or the European Commission. This is the second review published by GSDRC on the situation in the Central African Republic. The first review of literature was published in June 2013 and provides a country analysis covering the period 2003-2013. It is available at: http://www.gsdrc.org/docs/open/car_gsdrc2013.pdf.
- The security situation in April was calmer than previous months. New
humanitarian needs mostly relate to IDPs and refugees’ returns, and
to assessments conducted in areas inaccessible until now.
- In response to a measles outbreak in the north of the country,
UNICEF supported a vaccination campaign targeting over 45,000
children aged 6-59 months in the health districts of Paoua
(Northwest) and Vakaga (Northeast).
- With UNICEF support, 4,461 new IDP and returnee children,
including 2,130 girls, returned to school in crisis-affected areas across
- UNICEF and partners ensured the release of 96 children - including
39 girls - from armed groups in areas surrounding Bangassou and
- The Rapid Response Mechanism (RRM) reached 13,169 people with
Non-Food Items (NFI) and 2,933 with WASH assistance
The security situation in the Central African Republic (CAR) remains volatile despite the peace agreement signed in February 2019. Civilians remain the main victims of tensions and violence in the country. CAR is also one of the most dangerous contexts for humanitarian workers; 70 incidents directly affecting humanitarian staff or goods were recorded during the first quarter of 2019 compared with 65 during the same period in 2018. The subprefectures of Bambari, Batangafo, Bria and Kaga-Bandoro remain the most affected areas, although ETC activities have not been impacted by conflict in this period.
This document is produced on behalf of the Humanitarian Country Team and partners and it represents a light
update of the 2019 Humanitarian Needs overview.
This document provides the Humanitarian Country Team’s shared understanding of the crisis, including the
most pressing humanitarian need and the estimated number of people who need assistance. It represents a
consolidated evidence base and helps inform joint strategic response planning.
The designations employed and the presentation of material in the report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the United Nations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Entre le 19 et le 21 mai 2019, 34 personnes ont perdu la vie dans des attaques simultanées
attribuées au 3R (Retour, Réclamation et Réhabilitation) et perpétrées dans les villages de
Koundjili et Lemouna, (situés respectivement à 42 et 52 km à l’Ouest de Paoua) mais aussi
à Bohong et Maikolo (situés à environ 70 km de Bouar). Environ 12,000 personnes ont été
déplacées dans ces villages et leurs alentours. Au 31 mai, environ 4 200 sont retournés.
Dans un communiqué de presse du 23 Mai 2019, le Secrétaire général des Nations Unies
a appelé les autorités de la République centrafricaine à enquêter sur ces incidents et à
traduire rapidement les responsables devant la justice, rappelant que ces attaques contre
les civils pouvaient constituer des crimes de guerre et crimes contre l’humanité.