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Disability and Related Factors among Road Traffic Accident Victims in Benin: Study from Five Public and Faith-Based Hospitals in Urban and Suburban Areas

Yolaine Glèlè-Ahanhanzo, Alphonse Kpozèhouen, Noël Moussiliou Paraïso, Patrick Makoutodé, Chabi O. Alphonse Biaou, Eric Remacle, Edgard-Marius Ouendo, Alain Levêque, Eds.: Scientific Research Publishing , (2018)


Open Journal of Epidemiology, 2018, 8, 226-241 Abstract Introduction: Road traffic accidents (RTAs) are a major public health issue in developing countries, where roads tend to be built haphazardly and accidents take a heavy toll on victims—including leaving them disabled. This study seeks to identify those factors that cause RTA victims to become disabled as a result of their injuries. Methods: This retrospective community- based study looked at RTA victims treated in five public and faith-based hospitals in Benin. Disability was evaluated using the Washington Group on Disabilities Statistics questionnaire. The independent variables were related to the victim’s socio-demographic traits, the circumstances of the accident, and post-crash response mechanisms. The proportions were compared using the chi-squared test, with a threshold of 5%. Results: The prevalence of disability among road traffic accident victims is 9.59% (CI 95%: 6.86% - 13.20%). The occurrence of disability is associated with age (p = 0.002), occupational group (p = 0.0077), the mode of transport used to transfer the victim (p < 0.001) and the location of the injuries (p = 0.0035). The study also found that people fail to make sufficient use of post-crash response mechanisms. Conclusion: Public policy-makers should therefore focus on stepping up interventions to get more people using both protective equipment and post-crash response services.
https://www.medbox.org/admin/publications/create


Tome 5 Caractéristiques des personnes vulnérables au Bénin; Analyses des Résultats

Ministère Chargé du Plan, de La Prospective et du développement ; Institut National de la Statistique et de l’Analyse Economique, République du Bénin, (2003)


Il n’est de richesse que d’hommes dit-on. En vertu de ce principe, le Gouvernement de la République du Bénin, désireux de connaître et d’apprécier l’importance et la qualité de ses ressources humaines a décidé, par décret n° 99-459 du 22 septembre 1999, d’organiser sur toute l’étendue du territoire national, un Recensement Général de la Population et de l’Habitation. Cette importante opération est la troisième du genre depuis notre indépendance nationale.
http://www.ceped.org/ireda/inventaire/ressources/T...


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