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Négotiation de l'accès humanitaire au Nord-Kivu: perceptions des acteurs armés non étatiques, des communautés et des acteurs humanitaires

Geneva Call, (2019)


En réponse à la réduction de l’espace humanitaire au Nord Kivu, en République démocratique du Congo (RDC), ce rapport met en lumière les pratiques des ONG opérant dans la zone, en termes de négociation d’accès. Il explore la manière dont les communautés et les Acteurs Armés Non Etatiques (AANE) perçoivent les différents intervenants humanitaires actifs dans la région et comment les ONG négocient leur accès. Sur cette base, le rapport liste des recommandations visant à améliorer l’accès humanitaire au Nord Kivu, permettant ainsi une meilleure réponse aux besoins des populations civiles.
https://genevacall.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/03/...


Social Science in Humanitarian Action Key considerations: Ebola preparedness and readiness in Goma, DRC

Peyton, D.; I. Gercama and J. Bedford, Eds.: Social Science in Humanitarian Action: A Communication for Development Platform, (2019)


This brief summarises key considerations about the social, political and economic context of Goma in relation to the outbreak of Ebola in the DRC as of March 2019. Goma is the administrative capital of North Kivu province and a major urban centre in the Great Lakes Region. The city is home to an estimated 1.5 million people and serves as an important economic and transportation hub that links eastern Congo to the broader East African sub-region. The arrival of Ebola in Goma would substantially increase the at-risk population and heighten the potential for cross-border transmission to neighbouring countries, particularly Rwanda. This brief therefore focuses on local social and political structures that can be leveraged to promote preparedness and readiness actions.
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/re...


Ebola Virus Disease Readiness Implementation Progress Report WCO Uganda August –October 2018

World Health Organization WHO, Regional Office for Africa, (2019)


Risk of spill-over of EVD to Uganda has been categorised as very high. On 28 September 2018, WHO elevated the risk at the regional level which includes Uganda from ‘high’ to ‘very high’. Uganda has a very long and largely porous border with the DRC. High population movements across the borders occur for various reason including for trade, social activities and services and asylum. There are cross-border markets in several border districts in Uganda and DRC that involve thousands of people crossing into and out of DRC and Uganda for trade purposes several days in a week.
https://www.afro.who.int/sites/default/files/2019-...


Social science and behavioural data compilation, DRC Ebola outbreak, November 2018-February 2019

Social Science in Humanitarian Action: A Communication for Development Platform, (2019)


This rapid compilation of data analyses provides a ‘stock-take’ of social science and behavioural data related to the on-going outbreak of Ebola in North Kivu and Ituri provinces. Based on data gathered and analysed by organisations working in the Ebola response and in the region more broadly, it explores convergences and divergences between datasets and, when possible, differences by geographic area, demographic group, time period and other relevant variables. Data sources are listed at the end of the documen
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/re...


Social Science in Epidemics: Ebola Virus Disease lessons learned. Summary

Social Science in Humanitarian Action: A Communication for Development Platform, (2019)


This brief draws out some recommendations for Ebola response actors in North Kivu. It includes lessons learned primarily from (i) historical outbreaks in Congo; (ii) outbreaks in Uganda in 2000-01 and 2012; (iii) the 2014-2016 West African epidemic; (iv) the outbreak in Equateur Province in DRC (May- July 2018), and (v) the ongoing outbreak in North Kivu and Ituri Provinces in DRC (August 2018 - ongoing). The full report can be accessed here: https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/handle/123456789/14160.
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/re...


Children’s Ebola Recovery Assessment: Sierra Leone

Isabelle Risso-Gill and Leah Finnegan , Eds.: UNICEF; Save the Children; Plan International, (2015)


Nearly half the population of Sierra Leone is under the age of 18 years and the impact of the Ebola crisis on their lives now and on their future opportunities has been far-reaching: no school; loss of family members and friends to the virus; and changing roles and responsibilities in the home and the community. While the priority now remains meeting the goal of zero cases, the Government of Sierra Leone (GoSL) is also developing a comprehensive strategy aimed at supporting communities to recover from this crisis, to put the country back on track to meet development targets. The Ebola Recovery Strategy – currently being finalised by the GoSL – represents a potentially transformative framework to support the immediate recovery of children from the crisis and to ensure their place in the future development of Sierra Leone. To date, there has not been a formal process for children to outline their own priorities for recovery to decision-makers. In mid-March 2015, child-centred agencies conducted a Children’s Ebola Recovery Assessment (CERA) in nine districts across Sierra Leone to create a mechanism for more than 1,100 boys and girls, to discuss issues of concern; assess the impact of the crisis on their roles, responsibilities and future opportunities; and to formulate their recommendations for recovery.
https://www.savethechildren.org/content/dam/global...


Technologies of trust in epidemic response: openness, reflexivity and accountability during the 2014–2016 Ebola outbreak in West Africa

Molly J Ryan, Tamara Giles-Vernick, Janice E Graham, Eds.: British Medical Journal, (2019)


BMJ Glob Health 2019;4:e001272. doi:10.1136/bmjgh-2018-001272 Trust is an essential component of successful cooperative endeavours. The global health response to the 2014–2016 West Africa Ebola outbreak confronted historically tenuous regional relationships of trust. Challenging sociopolitical contexts and initially inappropriate communication strategies impeded trustworthy relationships between communities and responders during the epidemic. Social scientists affiliated with the Ebola 100-Institut Pasteur project interviewed approximately 160 local, national and international responders holding a wide variety of roles during the epidemic
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/re...


Crucial Course Corrections for the Ebola Response in Beni, DRC (3 Oct 2018)

Oxfam, (2018)


The DRC government, the UN, national and international NGOs, health workers, local leaders and community members have prevented Ebola getting out of control in Beni, North Kivu, despite the complex context. However, major challenges remain. In the last week of September, almost all response activities were stopped after an armed group attacked Beni, and civil society called for a general strike or ‘ville mort’ in the town. The virus continues to emerge in new areas, including insecure ones, and amongst people who were not previously known to have been in contact with victims. So-called “community resistance” is cited as a daily challenge. Looking ahead to the next phase of the response, now is a critical moment to recalibrate and put more emphasis on building trust and engagement with communities, alongside the essential medical response.
https://reliefweb.int/sites/reliefweb.int/files/re...


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