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Syrian Arab Republic North East Syria: Al Hol camp as of 21 November 2019

OCHA , Eds.: OCHA , (2019)

As of 19 November, the population of Al Hol is 68,744 people (or 19,030 households), representing a slight increase since the launch of military operations in northeastern Syria on 9 October. The population breakdown remains similar: 45 per cent Iraqis (30,897), 40 per cent Syrians (27,813) and 15 per cent third country nationals (TCNs) (10,029). In the past month around 220 people have arrived in the camp, including 41 households relocated from Mahmoudli on 24 October and six households previously hosted in Ein Issa camp transferred from Raqqa city on 27 October. Since the begin- ning of June almost 2,990 residents have departed the camp, including more than 1,440 Syrians and 1,450 TCN women and children. On 21 November, the United Kingdom announced that arrangements had been made to facilitate the repatriation of several British orphaned children. In addition, on 2 October two Austrian children were repatriated to their home country, as well as one Albanian child and one Danish child, both in early November. A further 70 unaccompanied children are expected to be transferred to the camp from Kobani, Aleppo governorate in the coming days where they will be hosted in alternative care arrangements. Further, irregular departures from Al Hol continue to be reported with 45 Iraqi residents (25 women and 20 children) entering Iraq on 6 November through an informal crossing close to the Rabeea border point.

Twice invisible: Accounting for internally displaced children

Internal Displacement Monitoring Centre, (2019)

Internally displaced children are twice invisible in global and national data. First, because internally displaced people (IDPs) of all ages are often unaccounted for. Second, because age-disaggregation of any kind of data is limited, and even more so for IDPs. Planning adequate responses to meet the needs of internally displaced children, however, requires having at least a sense of how many there are and where they are. This report presents the first estimates of the number of children living in internal displacement triggered by conflict and violence at the global, regional and national levels.

Global humanitarian assistance report 2019

Development Initiatives; Global Humanitarian Assistance, (2019)

This year’s report contains detailed analysis of the international financing at work in crisis-affected contexts. Navigating the increasingly complex and changing financing landscape, the report includes new analysis of the wide range of resources going to recurrent and protracted crisis response countries.

Rigging the System. Government Policies Co-Opt Aid and Reconstruction Funding in Syria . Arabic Version

Human Rights Watch, (2019)

نظام مغشوش سياسات الحكومة السورية لاستغلال المساعدات الإنسانية وتمويل إعادة الإعمار

An Uncertain Future: Fragility and Humanitarian Priorities in Northeast Syria

Refugees International, (2019)

After almost eight bloody years, the war in Syria finally appears to be reaching the endgame. The Assad regime controls some two-thirds of the country. In the northwest, the regime of Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has launched an offensive against opposition-controlled Idlib governorate under the cover of a brutal Russian bombing campaign. Upwards of 3 million Syrians in Idlib are under threat. Meanwhile, in northeast Syria, the Syrian Democratic Forces—the Syrian Kurdish dominated militia backed by the United States—have dislodged the Islamic State and now control one-third of the country. However, the humanitarian situation in the northeast remains extremely fragile and could deteriorate quickly. Indeed, over a third of the 4 million people in this area need humanitarian assistance and some 600,000 are displaced.

Humanitarian Response Plan Achievements January-December 2018

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), (2019)

The 2018 Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP) aimed to assist 10.5 million people with direct assistance and 11.2 million people with improved access to basic services. In an effort to meet humanitarian needs, humanitarian partners provided various types of humanitarian life-saving and life-sustaining assistance and services to a monthly average of 5.5 million people during 2018. Of the 5.5 million people reached on average on a monthly basis, 2.1 million were people living in areas of high severity of need, as measured through the inter-sector severity scale. In 2018, these efforts were funded by international support to Syria with $2.19 billion raised (65 per cent of HRP requirements) by the end of the year – more than any previous year. Thanks to this generous support, humanitarian organisations in Syria continued to deliver a massive humanitarian response to people in need with multiple humanitarian crises unfolding across the country.

Principled Aid in SyriaA Framework for International Agencies

Haid Haid, (2019)

Research Paper. As the fighting in Syria winds down, international humanitarian organisations (IHOs) operating from Damascus are hopeful that the Syrian government’s interference in their work will decrease. However, the government is attempting to formalise its influence over humanitarian operations. Throughout the Syrian conflict, the government has imposed multiple administrative processes on humanitarian organisations to limit their ability to operate independently. This includes restricting the operational environment; undermining organisational independence; imposing local partners; influencing procurement procedures; and preventing direct monitoring and evaluation. While some level of coordination with the government might be a pragmatic necessity to ensure the safety of operations in regime-controlled areas, this cooperation should not enable the government to use aid for military or political purposes. Consequently, international humanitarian organisations have an ethical dilemma in how they provide aid in these areas without undermining their principles of humanity, independence, impartiality and neutrality.

Assessment of the health needs of Syrian refugees in Lebanon and Syria’s neighboring countries

El Arnaout, N., Rutherford, S., Zreik,, et al., (2019)

Health needs of displaced Syrians in refugee hosting countries have become increasingly complex in light of the protracted Syrian conflict. The primary aim of this study was to identify the primary health needs of displaced Syrians in Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Turkey, and Syria.

Regional Refugee and Resilience Plan 2019-2020 - In Response to the Syria Crisis

UN Development Programme, UN High Commissioner for Refugees, (2018)

UN and partners launch plan to support Syrian refugees and countries hosting them as number of Syrian refugee new-borns reaches one million mark

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