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When the Drugs Don’t Work – Antibiotic Resistance as a Global Development Problem

The Dag Hammarskjöld Foundation and ReAct, (2019)


This paper focuses on the Sustainable Development Goals related to poverty, economic growth, inequality, health, food production and the environment. It presents concrete examples of the underlying and complex aspects of antibiotic resistance and its impacts across different Sustainable Development Goals. The aim of this paper is to inform and stimulate discussions on how to further advance the implementation of 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance, National Action plans on Antimicrobial Resistance, as well as work within all sectors that affect and are affected by antibiotic resistance
https://www.daghammarskjold.se/publication/when-th...


WHO Methodology for Point Prevalence Survey on Antibiotic Use in Hospitals

World Health Organization WHO, (2019)


Version 1.1. The WHO protocol has been adapted to resource-limited settings and builds on existing methodologies from the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), the Global PPS project from University of Antwerp, the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), and the Medicines Utilisation Research in Africa (MURIA). Point Prevalence Surveys collects information on prescribing practices of antibiotics and other information relevant to treatment and management of infectious diseases in hospitalized patients, and complements surveillance of antimicrobial consumption.
https://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/handle/10665/2...


A systematic review of healthcare-associated infections in Africa: An antimicrobial resistance perspective

Emmanuel O. Irek, Adewale A. Amupitan, Temitope O. Obadare, Aaron O. Aboderin , (2018)


African Journal of Laboratory Medicine | Vol 7, No 2 | a796 | 06 December 2018
https://ajlmonline.org/index.php/ajlm/article/view...


Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Ethiopia: Implementation experiences and lessons learned

Rajiha A. Ibrahim, Amete M. Teshal, Surafel F. Dinku, et al., (2018)


African Journal of Laboratory Medicine | Vol 7, No 2 | a770 | 06 December 2018
https://ajlmonline.org/index.php/ajlm/article/view...


Kerala Antimicrobial Resistance Strategic Action Plan (KARSAP)

Department of Agriculture Development & Farmers Welfare; Health & Family Welfare, Government of Kerala, (2018)


One health Response to AMR Containment. In a significant move for the public health sector, Kerala has become the first state in India to launch an action plan to combat the growing cases of antimicrobial immunity, arising primarily from irrational use of medicines and excessive antibiotics used in livestock and poultry.
https://cdn.cseindia.org/attachments/0.89128700_15...


Global Core Standards for Hospital Anti-microbial Stewardship Programs

Ministry of Public Health, Quatar, (2018)


International Perspectives and Future Directions
http://www.wish.org.qa/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/...


WHO Report on Surveillance of Antibiotic Consumption

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)


2016-2018 Early implementation, This report presents 2015 data on the consumption of systemic antibiotics from 65 countries and areas, contributing to our understanding of how antibiotics are used in these countries. In addition, the report documents early efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) and participating countries to monitor antimicrobial consumption, describes the WHO global methodology for data collection, and highlights the challenges and future steps in monitoring antimicrobial consumption.
http://www.who.int/medicines/areas/rational_use/wh...


The Core Elements of Human Antibiotic Stewardship Programs in Resource-Limited Settings: National and Hospital Levels

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, (2018)


Formularies are lists of antibiotics that are suggested for certain healthcare settings. In developing a recommended formulary, countries should consider the needs of patients and facilities where they receive care. For example, clinicians in rural or primary health centers may need wide access to first-line antibiotics (e.g., penicillin, ampicillin, TMP-SMX), but last resort antibiotics such as carbapenems or colistin might be limited to tertiary care hospitals. Efforts to create antibiotic formularies may be linked to efforts within countries to create or update essential medicine lists (EML).
https://www.cdc.gov/antibiotic-use/healthcare/pdfs...


Anthropological and socioeconomic factors contributing to global antimicrobial resistance: a univariate and multivariable analysis

P. Collignon, J.J.Beggs, T.R. Walsh, et al., (2018)


The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 2, ISSUE 9, Pe398-e405, September 01, 2018. Reduction of antibiotic consumption will not be sufficient to control antimicrobial resistance because contagion—the spread of resistant strains and resistance genes—seems to be the dominant contributing factor. Improving sanitation, increasing access to clean water, and ensuring good governance, as well as increasing public health-care expenditure and better regulating the private health sector are all necessary to reduce global antimicrobial resistance.
https://www.thelancet.com/journals/lanplh/article/...


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