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A systematic review of healthcare-associated infections in Africa: An antimicrobial resistance perspective

Emmanuel O. Irek, Adewale A. Amupitan, Temitope O. Obadare, Aaron O. Aboderin , (2018)

African Journal of Laboratory Medicine | Vol 7, No 2 | a796 | 06 December 2018

Antimicrobial resistance surveillance in Ethiopia: Implementation experiences and lessons learned

Rajiha A. Ibrahim, Amete M. Teshal, Surafel F. Dinku, et al., (2018)

African Journal of Laboratory Medicine | Vol 7, No 2 | a770 | 06 December 2018

Kerala Antimicrobial Resistance Strategic Action Plan (KARSAP)

Department of Agriculture Development & Farmers Welfare; Health & Family Welfare, Government of Kerala, (2018)

One health Response to AMR Containment. In a significant move for the public health sector, Kerala has become the first state in India to launch an action plan to combat the growing cases of antimicrobial immunity, arising primarily from irrational use of medicines and excessive antibiotics used in livestock and poultry.

Global Core Standards for Hospital Anti-microbial Stewardship Programs

Ministry of Public Health, Quatar, (2018)

International Perspectives and Future Directions

WHO Report on Surveillance of Antibiotic Consumption

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)

2016-2018 Early implementation, This report presents 2015 data on the consumption of systemic antibiotics from 65 countries and areas, contributing to our understanding of how antibiotics are used in these countries. In addition, the report documents early efforts of the World Health Organization (WHO) and participating countries to monitor antimicrobial consumption, describes the WHO global methodology for data collection, and highlights the challenges and future steps in monitoring antimicrobial consumption.

The Core Elements of Human Antibiotic Stewardship Programs in Resource-Limited Settings: National and Hospital Levels

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDC, (2018)

Formularies are lists of antibiotics that are suggested for certain healthcare settings. In developing a recommended formulary, countries should consider the needs of patients and facilities where they receive care. For example, clinicians in rural or primary health centers may need wide access to first-line antibiotics (e.g., penicillin, ampicillin, TMP-SMX), but last resort antibiotics such as carbapenems or colistin might be limited to tertiary care hospitals. Efforts to create antibiotic formularies may be linked to efforts within countries to create or update essential medicine lists (EML).

Anthropological and socioeconomic factors contributing to global antimicrobial resistance: a univariate and multivariable analysis

P. Collignon, J.J.Beggs, T.R. Walsh, et al., (2018)

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 2, ISSUE 9, Pe398-e405, September 01, 2018. Reduction of antibiotic consumption will not be sufficient to control antimicrobial resistance because contagion—the spread of resistant strains and resistance genes—seems to be the dominant contributing factor. Improving sanitation, increasing access to clean water, and ensuring good governance, as well as increasing public health-care expenditure and better regulating the private health sector are all necessary to reduce global antimicrobial resistance.

Tackling antimicrobial resistance (AMT) together. Working Paper 1.0: Multisectoral coordination

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)

This working paper was conceived to offer practical tips and suggestions on how to establish and sustain the multisectoral coordination needed to develop and implement National Action Plans on AMR (NAPs). It is intended for anyone with responsibility for addressing AMR at country level. Drawing on both the published literature and the operational experience of four ‘focal countries’ (Ethiopia, Kenya, Philippines and Thailand), it summarizes lessons learned and the latest thinking on multisectoral working to achieve effective AMR action.

WHO Competency Framework for Health Workers’ Education and Training on Antimicrobial Resistance

World Health Organization WHO, (2018)

The framework is to be used as a reference guide, applied according to local priorities and needs, and targeted at academic institutions, educators, accreditation bodies, regulatory agencies and other users. The ultimate aim is to ensure that all health workers are equipped with the requisite competencies at pre-service education and in-service training levels to address AMR in policy and practice settings.

Antimicrobial Stewardship: Managing Antibiotic Resistance

University of Dundee, British Society of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, Eds.: Future Learn, (2018)

Designed for healthcare professionals, this six-week course will inform you about – and empower you to provide – safe, high-quality antibiotic use. You’ll interact with colleagues globally, to understand what antibiotic resistance means – and why the World Economic Forum has placed it alongside terrorism and climate change on its global risk register. You can also join the course in Spanish, Chinese, or Russian.

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